Lords of the Earth Campaign 31

Turn 5: Anno Domini 1417 - 1420

Industrial Stage One: The Dawn of the Modern Age

Click here to go back to Lords of the Earth Campaign 31 home page.

TURN 6 is due Friday, 15 April 2000.


ANNOUNCEMENTS AND GM COMMENTS


Welcome to Lords of the Earth, Campaign 31! This is a game of empire building set in an historical setting. You will have the chance to control the rise and fall of empires through political, economic, military, espionage, and religious activities. Since this is an open-ended game, covering a span of centuries, you will have the opportunity to do pretty much anything you can imagine.

I'm shooting for a 3-week turn-around for this campaign - two weeks for you to submit your orders and one week for me to process them. Maps are available on the Lords-31 website.

If you want to submit material for the Newsfax, either as the "Mouthings of the Emperor" or as background material to help me write things up, by all means do so. However, I reserve the right to make necessary changes.

That brings us to the status and execution of NPN's and positions that fail to turn in orders. I will use my "best" judgment in these circumstances; if the players near this position are actively participating, then the NPN will be very passive, concentrating on PWB and investments. If the nearby players are not very active then the NPN will move out and try to DP the adjacent regions.

Some notes and observations from turn-4-5:

 

Good Luck to all!

- Dave Salter


RULES ERRATA AND REMINDERS

Colonization: Any region that is cultivated or has been cultivated and is less than 2 GPV can be increased in value up to 2 GPV for the cost of 15 GP and 15 NFP per GPV of increase. Any named island can be colonized to 1 GPV.

Mercs: Countries can hire out their troops as mercenaries as long as they provide a leader to go along with them. Merc leaders cannot conduct diplomacy; merc troops can be bid on for up to three turns (at least 0.5 gp per unit per turn). Only National troops or long term mercs can garrison a region.

Holy Roman Empire: National regions inside the Holy Roman Empire need not be contiguous in order to maintain control over them, though distance requirements are still in effect. Holy Roman Empire can elect a new Emperor when the former one dies -- like this turn. Otherwise it will stay with the former player position.

Mercantile Combines: A Mercantile Combine can trade with interior countries provided they have at least a BO in a city of the interior country and can reach a port city with at least a BO in it. The BO in the interior country can be no further than 1/2 their tech level in action points away from that port. In addition, that combine can conduct trade for the interior country by allocating MSP to that route, indicating a level of transportation assets committed to servicing that route. This conduit will count as one conduit for overseas trade.

Effective turn-6: the cost for combines to establish their organizational structure is as follows:

Structure

Code

NFP

GP

Merchant Factor

mf

0

5

Branch Office

bo

1

10

Cartel City

ci

3

25

(build/move) Home Office

ho

5

50

A clarification to the rule book: a combine can only handle one side of the trade between two nations. It is the responsibility of the combine to redistribute income from the routes his handles for his clients. Trade income received in turn 2 will be redistributed by the combine in turn 3.

Religious Orders: New status codes will be applied to religious orders. They are similar to Primate control statuses except they will allow for a slight increase in the amount of NFP generated. Also, the Religious Primate and a Religious Order (of the same religion) can maintain a status level in the same region or city. However, the Religious Order status cannot go higher that monastery (rmn) if the Primate has a monastery (mn) of its own. No two Religious Orders can maintain higher than abbey (rab) in the same region or city.

Religious Order Authority Control Statuses

Religious Orders
Control

Status

Control

Code

Taxation

Multiple

Count

Control?

NFP?

Church

rch

0.10

No

No

Abbey

rab

0.25

No

No

Monastery

rmn

0.50

Yes

Yes

Cathedral

rca

0.75

Yes

Yes


Contacting the Game Master

You can contact me at the following address:

Dave Salter
7338 Rolling Oak Ln.
Springfield, VA 22153
Or call:

(703) 912-6076 [EST] (best time is 7-9 pm weekdays and after 6 pm on weekends.)

The best way to contact me is by email. I will answer mail as soon as I receive it.
My address is: salterdj@aol.com.


GENERAL THRONE ENTERPRISES INFORMATION AND PRICES


WORLD WIDE WEB HOME PAGE!


Throne Enterprises Home Page can be found at:
http://www.throneworld.com/lords/index.html

Click here to find out about other Lords of the Earth campaigns.


 

VARIOUS FEES AND LEVIES


Normal Turns: $5.00


MAPS

Will be available via the main web page only. Make sure you gain one of these maps for your area.

MAP CHANGES

I have made a few alterations to the maps. These changes reflect the changes, from my perspective, from the standard 1000AD start to 1400AD. Each turn's map will be updated and posted within a day of the Newsfax posting.


ORDERING THE RULEBOOK Lords of the Earth Campaign 31 uses the Middle Ages version 5.6 rulebook and the Renaissance Supplement. You must order these rulebooks from Thomas Harlan.

 

Other Costs

 
Paper Maps of 1000AD (only) Entire World [11x17] $7.00, from Thomas Harlan: circa 1000AD
5th Edition Rulebook (v5.6) $15.00 by mail, $5.00 by email (PDF)
Renaissance Supplement $3.00
Shipping and Handling Within the United States: $3.00 (Priority Mail), Outside of the USA: $9.00

Make out checks for these items to THOMAS HARLAN


Thomas Harlan
4858 East 2nd Street
Tucson, AZ 85711-1207


TROOP CONVERSIONS

Infantry (200 men = 1 point)
Cavalry (200 men and 200 horse = 1 point)
Siege Engineers (200 men = 1 point)
Warships (2 ships = 1 point)
Transports (2 ships = 1 point)


EUROPE

Northern Europe

THE KINGDOM OF SCOTLAND
James I
DIPLOMACY: Iceland (nt)
James sought to improve the living conditions of his subjects. The search for secret locations continued, but turned up nothing.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE KINGDOM OF ENGLAND
Henry VI
DIPLOMACY: Dyffed (t), Northumbria (f), Mercia (f)
Henry V talked Dyffed into paying tribute to the Crown and then moved back to London to rule the Kingdom. There he fell ill and died in the winter of 1418. His son, Henry VI, quickly took in hand the reigns of power and continued his father's search for the unknown. The English convinced the Northumbria and Mercia allies to become full participants in the Kingdom. Lord Howe set out to discover new seaways to the west; he was never heard from again. England invested in French shipping techniques while they received investors from Portugal for their own shipping arts.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE KINGDOM OF DENMARK
Margaret
DIPLOMACY: Uppsala (f)
Queen Margaret rules her kingdom with a gentle hand and invested at home. The army and navy were redeployed to better meet the defensive needs of the Kingdom. The newly promoted Admiral of the Navy died shortly after bringing the fleet home in a quirk summer storm.
Renaissance tech 8.

Western Europe

Mercenaries

Leader Heinrich (M936)
Troops 15c, 20i
AQRs c8, i6

 

THE KINGDOM OF FRANCE
Jean
DIPLOMACY: Calais (a), Narbonne (f)
Charles sent the last of the gold to England in payment for Calais as he continued to strengthen his hold on the city. Narbonne became a city of the Crown.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE DUCHY OF BURGUNDY
Philip the Good, Great Duke of the West, Defendor Pacis
DIPLOMACY: Vermandois (f), Champagne (ea), Brabant (f)
The Duke orders the expansion of Antwerpen and Gent. The Duke's agents successfully brought Brabant and Vermandois fully into the Duchy, while economic ties were strengthened with Champagne. The Hansa invested in the Duchy's shipping and trade technology, but expected investments from the Hussites failed to materialize.

Although Rutters were received from Scotland, hinting at the rediscovery of the old Viking routes to a new land, the Duke sent his father's old friend, Gunter Neefs to verify these stories. Strangely, the Duke did not share the information with Gunter and he was never seen again. Purhaps in payment for this deed or merely an odd coincidence, John died about the time old Gunter should have been returning. Philip now runs the Duchy with the same eye toward economic strength John had shown.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE AVIGNON PAPACY
Clement
DIPLOMACY: Holland (ab), Paris (ca)
Clement continues to work for peace in the Middle East (sounds like a timeless theme). Work continues in Cyprus to convert the locals to Roman Catholicism, while Guidenstern is sent on a unknown mission..
Renaissance tech 8.

THE SWISS CONFEDERATION
Edward III
DIPLOMACY: Swabia (f)
The Swiss efforts in Swabia finally payoff; perhaps it was the new port city of Freiburg that turned the trick?
Renaissance tech 8.

THE DUCHY OF AUSTRIA
Albrecht IV, Arch Duke of Austria
DIPLOMACY: None
Albrecht continues to rebuild his nation and invest in his nations institutions.
Renaissance tech 8.

DUCHY OF BAVARIA
Jobst
DIPLOMACY: None
Jobst tries to rebuild Bavaria into one of the leading Duchies of the Empire; he still has some work to do.
Renaissance tech 8.

DUCHY OF SAXONY
Rupert III
DIPLOMACY: Westphalia (t)
Rupert buries the hatchet in Westphalia and gains tribute from that province; a port city (Bremen) is built in Freisland. Efforts in the court of Alsace were rebuffed by the Count of Alsace, as well as, Bohemian troops were deployed in the region.
Renaissance tech 8.

HANSEATIC LEAGUE
Klaus Stortebecker
DIPLOMACY: Lisbon (ci), Bilboa (bo), Nancy (bo), Madeira (ci), Bavaria (mf), Gerona (mf)
The League expanded its influence in the Med and took over the routes of the Danes.
Renaissance tech 8.

DUCHY OF BRANDENBURG
Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg
DIPLOMACY: Pomerania (f)
Frederick reorganized the military to react to invasion; while inspecting his troops in the summer of 1419, his horse bolted and threw the Elector. He suffered a broken neck and died a few hours later. Wilhelm, who was in Pomerania, courting the daughter of the Count, rushed back to see to his father's funeral. Anna Maria of Pomerania went with him and after the funeral, agreed to his marriage proposal. Pomerania became fast friends of the new Elector.
Renaissance tech 8.

DUCHY OF BOHEMIA
Wenceslas
DIPLOMACY: Alsace (f), Silesia (f), Meissen (nt)
Wenceslas finally gains Alsace full support by offering his son, Wilhelm, in marriage to the Count's oldest daughter. Silesia also joined the Duchy, fully and Meissen, again, became part of Bohemia.
Renaissance tech 8.

HUSSITES - Order of the Cross and Cannon
Jan Hus
DIPLOMACY: Alsace (rmn), Burgundy (rmn), Alfold (rca)
Hus was surprisingly quiet. Investments were made in Hussite interests but expected investments abroad did not occur.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE KINGDOM OF HUNGARY
Sigismund, King of Hungary, Holy Roman Emperor
DIPLOMACY: Slovakia (a)
The Emperor continues in his duties as King of Hungary. He announces his 2nd Son, Joseph as Prince of the land. Looking out onto the vast German lands called the Roman Empire brought some thought to this aging leader. He wanted economic gain for all, but figured that for others to cooperate he would have take the first step. He did so with reducing the lands of Slovenia to a lesser status to be able to share with another HRE kingdom in the hopes of a bright future for Hungary. He also sent orders to build a merchant fleet and send the ships forth upon the waters.
Renaissance tech 8.

Iberian Penisula

Mercenaries

Leader Alphonso (M853)
Troops 20c, 10i
AQRs c8, i8

THE KINGDOM OF CASTILE
Enrique III
DIPLOMACY: Andalusia (f), Murcia (a), Madiera (nt)
Enrique succeeded in his efforts to fully integrate Andalusia into the Kingdom. Murcia became an ally and the majority of the population of Geb-al-Tarik are now Roman Catholic.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE KINGDOM OF ARAGON
Pedro IV
DIPLOMACY: Bir-el-Khazaim (nt), Terhazza (nt), Arquin (nt)
With the news of Mameluke raids on Cyprus, Pedro reached deep into his pockets and hired the mercenaries of southern Europe and Iberia; he then gathered his fleet and coordinated with Portugal. The two monarchs then issued the following proclamation:

Lords of the World,

We find ourselves on the cusp of history. We have reached insights and truths never before held in civilization. Not even the Glory of Egypt or the Height of Rome rose to the spire of advancement that We find Ourselves building.

Tolerance is everywhere. The crusades of the past have ended. Islam and Catholicism have cultivated relations that benefit both beliefs. We had believed that peace had descended upon the Mediterranean with the signature of the treaty between the Byzantines, Ottomans, and Mamelukes.

To Our sadness, We now know that Our beliefs were wrong. We allowed Ourselves to be lulled in by the comforting words of the Mamelukes. The ink had not even dried upon the missives of peace before Egypt began plotting war once again.

There is a Divine Right of Kings, but there is also a Divine Responsibility. Whether it is bestowed upon a King by Christ or Allah, We as Rulers must recognize and respect the duty We have been given. It is clear to Us that the Mamelukes do neither.

They do not hold the interests of their people. They do not hold the interests of their God. They hold merely the interests of themselves. And they are willing to betray anyone and anything to give sustenance to the greed which darkens their souls.

They play a petty game with Catholicism and Islam. They claim allegiance to each, they seek support and gold from each, they seek to appease and seduce each with gilded tongues.

We have heard say that Christ would forgive even the Devil himself. As men of God, both Pope Clement and Khalifah Harun must take the words of the Mamelukes in faith. Both are men of Honor and cannot afford to abandon a brother in faith at any time.

It enrages Us to see Holy Men used and taken advantage of. It enrages Us to see Egypt sign treaties with one hand while sharpening their swords in the other. It enrages Us to see how quickly Bartuk dashes the faith of his people for his personal gain.

It is clear that Bartuk has forsaken his Divine Responsibility. He has given up his Divine Right. The only thing left for him now is Our Divine Rage.

The Mamelukes are a plague that must be eradicated. And it falls to men of action to take the necessary steps to secure protection before this plague spreads.

We are men of action.

We will cure this plague.

We will destroy the Mamelukes.

It is easier to seek forgiveness than permission, and We are confident that it will be better to deal with the ramifications of this war than to deal with the Mamelukes as they have been.

An age of enlightenment is upon us, and without forces poised to take advantage of Our Honor and Morals, we shall move on to even greater heights. But until this boil is lanced, the process of healing cannot begin. And We cannot allow Ourselves to sit by while the Mediterranean is in danger of being infected.

Once Our action is completed We invite the Leaders with interests to an open discussion on how to begin the healing process. But all healing starts with pain, and We are taking it upon Ourselves to weather that pain when others cannot. It would be forsaking Our Divine Responsibility to do otherwise.

King Pedro IV of Aragon

King John I of Portugal

With that, both sent their forces eastward. (See Mamelukes)

Aragon continued their quest for a slice of northwestern Africa, making headway along the coast as well as in the interior.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE KINGDOM OF NAVARRE (Now a part of Portugal)
Raymond
DIPLOMACY: None
Raymond announces the marriage of his daughter to Edward I of Portugal and his retirement from the throne.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE KINGDOM OF PORTUGAL
Edward I
DIPLOMACY: None
John sees to his son's wedding and then abdicates in favor of his son thus joining the crowns of Navarre and Portugal. Efforts were made to convert the pagan tribes of Benin. (See Aragon) (See Mamelukes)
Renaissance tech 8.

Southern Europe

Mercenaries

Leader Giovenuchi (M867)
Troops 3a, 10i
AQRs a2, i6

THE DUCHY OF MILAN
Doria
DIPLOMACY: None
Doria puts is forces on react, anticipating the worse -- thankfully it doesn't come.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE REPUBLIC OF VENICE
Guilando, Doge of Venice
DIPLOMACY: Erpius (ea), Monemvasia (f)
The Doge rebuilds his fleet and stays at home to protect his own regions. Diplomatic efforts bring Erpius closer; the people of Monemvasia convert to Roman Catholicism and become full members of the Republic.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE KINGDOM OF NAPLES
Isralo, Prince of Salerno
DIPLOMACY: None
Isralo deployed his army to backup the Alliance and League. Naples expands and a port fortress is brought with in the city limits. Isralo is blessed with a grandson in 1417.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE REPUBLIC OF FLORENCE
Lorenzo de' Medici
DIPLOMACY: Romagna (f)
Romagna achieves full membership in the Republic. Lorenzo celebrates this occasion a little to much and dies quietly in his sleep. Cosimo is validated as head of the Republic. Searches continue for the unknown -- nothing is found.
Renaissance tech 8.

GENOESE TRADE COMBINE
Grimaldi
DIPLOMACY: Corsica (a), Takrur (bo), Bissau (bo), Bibu (nt)
Grimaldi extended his reach beyond Takrur to the small Island of Bibu. Corsica became an ally and a stronger Genoese presence was built in Takrur.
Renaissance tech 8.

Eastern Europe

Mercenaries

Leader Bayruk (M947)
Troops 20c, 10lc
AQRs c7

THE KINGDOM OF POLAND AND LITHUANIA
Jagiello, Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland
DIPLOMACY: Kirivitch (f), Prussia (ea), Konigsberg (f), Turov (fa)
Jagiello and the rulers of central and eastern Europe sigh the following treaty:

Treaty of Magdeburg (1414)

Article 1

This treaty is between Wladyslaw II Jagiello, King of Poland, Supreme Duke of Lithuania, Sigismund, most Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary, and Wenceslas, Duke of Bohemia, Edward III, speaker for the Swiss Cantons, Albrecht IV, Arch Duke of Austria, Rupert III, Elector of Saxony, Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg and is binding upon them and all of their subject lords and peoples now and in the future.

Article 2

The signatories of this treaty recognize and affirm that the Duchy of Bohemia has the sole right to the governance and allegiance of the region of Alsace, and pledge to take no action to hinder the restoration and extension of Bohemian authority in Alsace.

Article 3

The Kingdom of Poland agrees to cede the region of Pomerania to the Duchy of Brandenburg.

Article 4

No member party to this treaty will at any time wage war, either overtly or covertly against the person, subjects, or property of any party to this treaty, nor will they knowingly take any action intended to harm any party to this treaty.

Article 5

Nothing in this treaty shall take precedence over the prior treaty obligation of its several members under the terms of the Grand Alliance or the Treaty of Krakow.

Article 6

No additional parties may be added to Article 1, nor may any other article be altered, except by the mutual consent of all signatories to this treaty. Any party to this treaty may withdraw from this treaty with full honor provided 8 years notice are given to all signatories prior to withdrawal.

Approve the amendment to the Treaty of Krakow admitting the Ottoman Empire and the Principality of Serbia. Article 1 now reads:

This treaty is between Wladyslaw II Jagiello, King of Poland, Supreme Duke of Lithuania, Sigismund, most Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary, Wenceslas, Duke of Bohemia, Stephen Lazarevich, Prince of Serbia, and Sulieman, Shield of Christ and Emperor of the Ottomans, and is binding upon them, their heirs and all of their subject lords and peoples now and in the future.

Jagiello strengthen ties with some of his provinces while granting more autonomy for others. A port city was built in Malta with the assistance of Rhodes.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE TEUTONIC KNIGHTS
Conrad von Jungingen, Grand Master
DIPLOMACY: Prussia (rch), Konigsberg (rch), Vilna rmn), Denmark (rca)
Conrad cedes the region of Prussia to Poland as well as the port city of Konigsberg. He extends the Knights influence west to Denmark and east to Vilna.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE REPUBLIC OF NOVGOROD
Alexander
DIPLOMACY: None
Alexander orders the establishment of a trade port in Veposkava.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE PRINCIPALITY OF MOSCOW
Basil II
DIPLOMACY: None
Basil II continues the process of re-colonization of the region.
Civilized tech 7.

THE KHANATE OF THE GOLDEN HORDE
Toktamish
STARTS WITH: Torki (ea), Levedia (a)
Khakhan Toktamish, after many years of deliberation, has decided that the Hebrew YAHWEH is indeed none other than Tengri, Lord of the Skies, and the other gods nothing but his angels. He will therefore invite rabbis from near and far to come and educate the Royal Clan in the mysteries of Shamanic Judaism.

In the central square of Astrakhan, the Khakhan causes to be erected hexagonal obelisk. Each side contains his pronouncement guaranteeing the right of each citizen to worship a good religion. This is repeated in Arabic, Turkic, Mongol, Hebrew, Russian, and Latin. When completed by the team of imported Italian masons, under the direction of Vittorio Paneli, it will be blessed at an evening ceremony lead by a rabbi in deer-horn headress and dancers. The Swiss representative was admitted to the tent of the Khakhan, where they were heard talking into the last watch.

The tribes of Torki establish economic ties with the Horde while the Levedian Atabeg becomes an ally. Jamuka sires three more children; a son in 1418, a daughter in1419 and another son in 1420. The Khakhan was pleased.
Nomadic - tech 6.

THE PRINCIPALITY OF SERBIA
Stephen Lazarevich
DIPLOMACY: Attica (some effect), Thessaly (some effect)
Stephen attempts to incorporate the newly conquered lands into his realm. Athens was ceded to Stephen, but when he failed to move troops into the city, they closed the gates and declared their independence.
Civilized tech 7.

THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE (Legion of the Just)
Manuel II
DIPLOMACY: None
With no money or manpower, Manuel sues for peace, which is granted, but comes at a stiff price. He must abdicate the throne and leave the Aegean area. He gathers his loyal supporters and moves south, hoping to start a new life.

Great Lords,

We have come to a deal for peace in the Balkans. These are the terms:

1) The Remaining ERE lands are to be ceded as follows. Athens shall be ceded to the Serbs. Constantinople, Pontus and Trebizond to the Ottomans.
The ERE will be allowed to dismantle half (26) of the Public Works in Constantinople. None of the population or public works in any other city or region are to be reduced in anyway and shall be handed over intact.

2) The ERE is to be allowed free passage to seek their fortunes elsewhere.

3) Mamelukes evacuate Ottoman lands and Cede Cilicia and the city in it to
the Ottomans.

The leaders and government flee with dignity under their own flag to Mameluke Egyptian shelter, where they reform as the Legion of the Just, a religious brotherhood of "bad ass" warrior monks, dedicated to keeping the faith and keeping the moor at bay. Manuel II continues to lead the Legion as he led the Byzantines, but with more humility and more devotion to physical fitness. The legion professes a creed of defense of the meek, weak, and poor. Advocacy of strong morals based in tight community and family spirit. The order derives its name from its own inception as an escaping elite under-dog in the war against the Turks.

The Legion of the Just swears an oath of destruction of all traitors to the righteous cause of Christianity, and certain damnation to the moor. The Legion swears to uphold the Golden Rule and all God's other commandments and to become the fiercest defenders of the God's own children, the Christians. (See Mamelukes)
Renaissance tech 8.

AEGEAN CCI
Paul Atatarxos
DIPLOMACY: None
Paul bids his time, trying to arrange trade deals with his neighbors.
Renaissance tech 8.


ASIA

The Middle East

Mercenaries

Leader Zengi (M8B5)
Troops 15c, 10i
AQRs c8, i5

THE OTTOMAN SULTANATE
Sulieman, Shield of Christ and Emperor of the Ottomans
DIPLOMACY: Galatia (f), Symrna (f), Thrace (ea)
Sulieman watched the last of the Byzantine leadership depart the city, then he sent in the garrison troops. He moved the bulk of his forces east to reclaim the regions lost to the Mamelukes. This operation went without a hitch; looks like his Turk rivals would honor the peace.

His sister was married to the Galatian ally and the city of Symrna was brought fully into the Sultanate. Venice received compensation for their support in previous years and the national dept was paid off. The Ottomans reach Renaissance.
Renaissance tech 8.

EMIRATE OF RUM
Hamir
DIPLOMACY: None
Hamir stayed at home and tried to improve the lot of his people. Isfahan increased a level.
Civilized tech 7.


THE KNIGHTS OF ST. JOHNS
Juan Fernandez, Grand Master
DIPLOMACY: Provence (rab), Valencia (rab), Athens, (rch), Constantinople (rch), Lyonnais (rch)
The Grand Master joined with Poland to build the port city of Birgu on Malta. Juan stands down the forces but keeps a watchful eye on the Med for trouble. The Knights spread their influence into former Byzantine lands and to the west.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE TIMURID EMIRATE
Shah Rukh
DIPLOMACY: Mesopotamia (f)
Shah Rukh met secretly with some emissaries from the West. Shortly after the meeting, he sent for his generals and organized for battle. The day of reckoning had come. (See Mamelukes)
Civilized - tech 7.

THE BLACK SHEEP TURKOMANS
Kara Usuf
DIPLOMACY: None
Usuf built the port city of Batu on the Caspian Sea.
Nomad tech 6.

THE MAMELUKE SULTANATE
Bartuk Malik-al-Zahir
DIPLOMACY: None
(See Marinids - in Africa) Bartuk agreed to peace with his old rivals and also agreed to host the Byzantine refugees. He then set of to gather more slaves from the Islamic tribes to the south. Little did he realize that forces were gathering that would change his world, forever.

He ordered the withdrawal of Mameluke forces from Asia Minor and as those troops arrived in Alexandria, that upstart holy man from the west decided Alexandria would be a good place to visit. No sooner had he showed up then the entire nation exploded into revolt. With the army in Egypt and Alexandria, the north was easily secured, but the far south and the city of Q'arum revolted successfully. Equally as bad was the defection of the entire Mameluke fleet which fled to Tunisia.

As Bartuk organized to reclaim those areas, a Christian fleet sailed passed Alexandria and up the Nile; this did not bode well. Soon, news came from the south that Thebes had been taken by Christian Mercenaries and they were marching north. About the same time, an combine Aragon/Portugal fleet arrived outside the harbor of Alexandria and effectively shut down all seaborne travel to and from that city. Expecting Christian forces to land in the city any moment, Bartuk waas powerless to react to the Christian drive into Faiyum.

By Spring of 1818, the Christians were arrayed on the southern Egyptian frontier with 7,000 cavalry, 6,000 infantry and several batteries of cannon (plus complete dominance of the sea). To face this threat, Bartuk had 9,000 cavalry, 6,000 infantry backed by connsiderable regional fortifications (10f). He lest the defenses of Alexandria to the Byzantines and moved south to meet this threat.

The Christians had the advantage of artillery and leadership while the Mamelukes defended fortified positions on home territory and had the advantage in cavalry. The mercanaries were eager to get into the city of Alexandria and had grown confident due to their earlier easy victories. In a sharp assault, they were rebuffed by the defenses arrayed against them and withdrew back to Faiyum to consider their options.

On a secondary front, the Timurids concluded the seige of Q'arum, which had revolted from Bartuk but had no love for the Timurids. The great Portuguese Admiral Alfonso died of the coast of Alexandria during the seige; his command was assumed by his second, Miguel.
Civilized tech 7.

Central Asia

THE SAFAVID SULTANATE
Haidar
DIPLOMACY: Khwarzim (f), Ferghana (t)
Haidar continues to consolidate his hold on his new land, investing heavily at improving the standard of living of his people. His sons have come of age and take their place, helping to run the country.
Civilized 6.

THE CHEIBANID KHANATE
Mamai
DIPLOMACY: None
The Khan cultivates Ob and builds the city of Ufa in Khirgiz; if he keeps this up, he won't be nomadic anymore.
Nomad tech 5.

India

THE SULTANATE OF DELHI
Khizar Khan
DIPLOMACY: Vatsa (no net effect)
The Sultan makes a wide range of investments into his various governmental organs. The Khan does his part to ensure the royal line continues, siring two sons and a daughter. He orders the Heir and a trusted advisor south into Vatsa were they found Jaunpur trying to woo the Vatsa court.
Civilized tech 6.

THE SULTANATE OF GUJERAT
Mahmud Shah
DIPLOMACY: Sind (nt)
The Shah brings the Word of Allah to the pagans of Anhivarta, Surashtra and Edrosia, while reaching out to the Sunni of the Sind.
Civilized tech 7.

THE SULTANATE OF JAUNPUR
Begarha
DIPLOMACY: Chandela (t), Vatsa (no net effect)
The Sultan continued his investment in improving the lives of the peasants of the region and gains tribute from the Hindus of Chandela. Jaunpur and Delhi start a contest of the hearts and minds of Vatsa.
Civilized tech 7.

THE SULTANATE OF BENGAL
Bulal Lodi
DIPLOMACY: Assam (t)
Bulal concentrated on opening trade with his neighbors and bringing the pagan Hindu to the ways of Allah. A major trade contract was signed with the Islamic Cartel and the city of Tamaralipti expanded a level.
Civilized tech 6.

THE HINDU KINGDOM OF ORISSA
Sangramaraja
DIPLOMACY: Pawar (f)
Sangramaraja strengthens ties with Pawar and is pleased with the active role the Hindu Primate has decided to play.
Civilized tech 6.

THE SULTANATE OF MALWA
Ala-ud-din
DIPLOMACY: None
Ala-ud-din concentrates on the internal administration of his nation and converting the Hindu masses.
Civilized tech 6.

THE SULTANATE OF BAHMANI
Firuz Shah
DIPLOMACY: None
Firuz Shah concentrated on the affairs of his state. He looked with going concern at the increase in power of the southern Hindu states. Efforts were made to convert the local population to Islam.
Civilized tech 7.

THE BHAKTI BRAHMO SAMAJ
Ramanada
DIPLOMACY: Samatata (ab), Kalinga (ab)
Ramanada, hearing the call of the Hindu people, suffering from continued Islamic oppression in the North and Buddhist encroachment in the East, decided the Brahmo Samaj (Society of God) should take a more active roll in secular affairs. Based out of Chola, he intends to spread aid and comfort to all who are in need.
Civilized tech 6.

THE VIJAYANGAR EMPIRE
Radjya
DIPLOMACY: Manya-Kheta (a), Seylan (ea), Gangas (c)
Saddened by the death of his very able father, Radjya returned to Tanjore to rule the empire. He sent his diplomats far and wide to secure the gains that his father had made. He also sent messengers to the far east and to Arabia, Northern India and Africa seeking trade and then dispatched the fleets. He announced that his son, Mahabala, would take his place as future heir to the empire. He also enrolled his son into the government and diplomacy courses at the national university in Tanjore. Trade fleets dispatched to Northern India were advised to be careful to avoid the spring floods in the Ganges which the Sultan of Bengal had thoughtfully warned the Empire about.

Seylon and Manya-Kheta established economic ties to the Empire and the province of Gangas allowed an Imperial claim to be placed on it. Radjya's continued support for education and research is starting to payoff.
Civilized tech 7.

Indochina and Indonesia

THE BURMAN KINGDOM OF AVA
Minhkaung
DIPLOMACY: None
Minhkaung concentrated on internal affairs and improving the lot of his subjects.
Civilized tech 6.

THE MON KINGDOM OF PEGU
Razadraya
DIPLOMACY: Kayah (ea)
Razadarit continued to rule his kingdom with a benevolent hand; all were sadden to learn of his sudden death (natural causes) at the winter palace in 1419. His son assumed all authority without incident. Kayah was brought into the kingdom as an economic ally.

THE KINGDOM OF CHAMPA
Viaya Sri Harivaraja
DIPLOMACY: Khemer (nt)
Viaya was not pleased with Thai interference in Hindu affairs, so he ordered a full diplomatic press on Khemer. He order two of his sons, including the Heir, and his best diplomat, plus gold and additional resources. He was faced with a Thai diplomatic mission, assassins (wounding his second born), as well as the hostility of the recent war. (See Ayuthia)
Civilized tech 6.

THE THAI KINGDOM OF AYUTHIA
Int'araja, King of the Thai, Shield of Khemer
DIPLOMACY: Khemer (down grades to un), Mison (nt), Dai Viet (nt)
Int'araja looked to consolidate his hold on Khemer by sending troops to the former capitol. He even took steps to ensure Champan delegation wound have many hardships to overcome.

He then issued the following proclamation to Champa:

"We are alarmed at the aggressive actions taken by the Champans against their neighbors without due provocation. We feel that the proper way for all nations to expand is through peaceful negotiations, not armed invasion. We insist that Champa relinquish territories gained by force, and coexist peacefully with all neighboring regions and countries."

What he didn't do was anticipate the effort Champa would go to to heal the wounds of the last war. In the end, it was Champa's overwhelming effort, combined with Hindu nationalism, which over came Khemer resentment of the last war and the Thai military presence.

The Thai forces withdrew into the city instead of facing the possibility of fighting both the Champan troops in the region and a possible Khemer uprising, as Khemer went to nominal Champan control. The Thai also made gains in the Mison / Dai Viet regions.
Civilized tech 6.

THE MAJAPAHIT KINGDOM OF JAVA
Tadarava, Nirguna, King of Java
DIPLOMACY: Jambi (fa), Aceh (nt), Utara (nt)
There wasn't much for the king to do. With many able subordinates and several mature sons in search of gainful employ, Bahavijaya had all the means at his disposal to proceed with his modest plans. Leaving them to run around he contented himself with keeping the throne warm and making best use of the ever-increasing revenue flowing into the royal coffers. But tidings of events to the north did disturb the calm serenity that was the norm in the royal residence. The demise of Khemer, brought low by a combination of Ayuthian ambition and Champan high spirits, gave cause for unease. Relations with the mainly Buddhist nations on the mainland had been good . All nations enjoyed the bounty yielded from their trade links. Yet the Javan king could only wonder at this disturbing turn of events. Did this herald a period of conflict that could boil over and spread beyond that small corner of Indochina? Perhaps he should exploit his reputation as a reliable third party and offer his services as an intermediary in the dispute?

Bahavijaya was blessed with a son in 1418 and two granddaughters in 1420. He heart, overcome with joy and happiness, finally give in to time at the end of 1420. Tadarava assumed the reigns of power and vowed to carry on his father's dream of a Greater Java.
Civilized tech 6.

THE KINGDOM OF MALACCA
Paramesvara
DIPLOMACY: None
Paramesvara stayed at home and basked in the rays of a benelovent Java.
Civilized tech 6.

East Asia

Mercenaries

Leader Achikaga (M829)
Troops 17i
AQRs i7

THE EMPIRE OF THE GREAT KHAN
Dayan Khan
DIPLOMACY: Buryat (f)
The Khan continued his cultivation project in Tatar, Angarland, Yensey, and Beryat. The Khan, himself, conducted the raids this time. The Mongols have colonized Jungaria up to 2 gpv. The Khan accepts the Buddhist holy man teaching and the Mongol homeland converts to Buddhism.
Civilized tech 6.

MING EMPIRE OF CHINA
Yung-lo
DIPLOMACY: Houma (a), Kwangsi (f), Jiangxi (a), Yen (f), Kwangtung (f), Szechwan (a), Tai'li (ea), Kaingsu (f), Chekiang (a)
Yung Lo settles many household matters and continues to improve relations with many of the regions loosely bound to the Empire. Postal Road network was started from the capitol to the coast at Kwangchou and west to Lingsi.
Civilized tech 6.

ASHIKAGA JAPAN
Yamana
DIPLOMACY: Heian (ea), Yamaguchi (ea), Saga (t), Kumamoto (t), Iwakuni (t)
Yamana strengthened his authority across Japan at the seem time that his realm was experiencing a cultural rebirth.
Civilized tech 7.

THE GORYEO KINGDOM
Mog-Jong
DIPLOMACY: Bandao (f), Liao-Tung (f) Parhae, (t)
Mog-Jong strengthened his grip on the former Ming provinces of Bandao and Liao-Yung.
Civilized tech 6.

TIBET
Tsong-Kha-Pa
DIPLOMACY: Om'chu (ca), Chiennan (ch, Kweichou (ch)
The Holy Father Tsong convinced the Great Khan to follow the True path, but the Khan issued no proclamation regarding the rest of his realm. Priests expanded the monastery in Om'chu to a cathedral and opened new churches in Chiennan and Kweichou.
Civilized tech 6.


OCEANIC

Polynesia and Australia


AFRICA

Northern Africa

THE MARINID Khalifate
Khalifah Abu Said Othman
DIPLOMACY: Jerusalem (ab), Alexandria (ab), Lybia (mn)
Othman, distressed by Mameluke intrigues with the Christians and their whole sale enslavement of Moslem regions, travels to Alexandria to assess the situation for himself. What he sees is the arrival of the Byzantine refugees and fleeing military set up shop inside the walls of Alexandria; the situation was far worse than he had feared. He went to the main mosque in the city and issue the following statement:

In the Name of All‚h, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. O People of Egypt, "Who turns away from the religion of Ibr‚him except him who befools himself?" When the Lord says to a learned man, "Submit!" He says, "I submit myself as a Muslim to the Lord of the 'AlamÓn, of all that exists. All‚h has chosen for me the true religion, I fear to die except in the Faith of Isl‚m, as a Muslim. I shall worship one Il‚h - All‚h, the Il‚h of my fathers, Ibr‚him, Ism‚'il, and Ish‚que. One Il‚h, and to Him I submit in Isl‚m."

I say to thee O People of Egypt that the Mameluke Bartuk Malik-al-Zahir is of the Al-MushrikŻn, those who worship others along with All‚h! He has conspired with the Christians to take you away from the Straight Path of All‚h, leading you to suffering in this world and torment eternal in the next. He has laid waste to his lands and his people. As he refuses to submit to All‚h, and as he destroys the gifts given to him by All‚h, so it is the will of All‚h that on this day he is cast down and lo! He is twice cursed, bankrupt of all authority secular and spiritual, he and all who stand by him. His commands, without the blessings of All‚h, are as of air, invisible and of no weight. For his great crime he is to be slain on sight, and his head brought and mounted on a spear at the gates of Alexandria!

All‚h will suffice you against all opposition, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. Our religion, our Sibghah, is the Sibghah of All‚h, called Isl‚m, and which Sibghah can be better than All‚h's? And we are His worshippers, so rise up! Join the Mujahidin, the Fighters in the Way of All‚h! Take this city of Alexandria, and this land of Egypt, all of you who are able to take up arms! Spread the word to every last Egyptian, that on the Day of Judgement will All‚h question each of you as to your actions on this day, and woe to those that followed the Al-MushrikŻn, or did nothing! But surely shall blessings be heaped upon those who rise up and retake Egypt, and make it holy once again!

With this proclamation, Egypt exploded into unrest. The riots and rebellion in Egypt and Cairo were contained as well as the region of Faiyum. However, Thebes and the cities of Madina, Luxor, and Q'arum rebelled. (See Mamelukes)
Civilized tech 7.

THE HAFSID CALIPHATE
Nasir ad Dawla Badis
DIPLOMACY: Merrakesh (t), Zirid (nt)
Nasir sends his emissaries to Merrakesh and Zirid; now the entire western half of the North African coast is his.
Civilized tech 7.

Western Africa

THE MALI EMPIRE OF SONGHAY
Nasir ad Dawla Badis
DIPLOMACY: Kingdom of Songhay (f)
Nasir, again, dedicated the entire resources of his Empire to convince Songhay that reunification was inevitable.
Civilized tech 6.

THE KINGDOM OF SONGHAY - Fully absorbed by Mali
Dia Kenken, King of Songhay
DIPLOMACY: None
Dia Kenken bowed to the inevitable.
Civilized tech 6.

THE KINGDOM OF KANEM
Boyoma, Mai of the Kanem
DIPLOMACY: Kreda (nt), Ghat-al-Barkat (nt)
Boyoma extended his influence north into the desert and east towards the Nile.
Civilized tech 6.

THE WOLOF KINGDOM OF TAKRUR
N'dyaye Sar'te, Burba of Dyolof
DIPLOMACY: Boure (f), Galam (f)
The Burba consolidates his hold on the interior tribes.
Civilized tech 6.

HAUSALAND
Shawasata, Magajiya of Daura
DIPLOMACY: Yoruba (ea)
Shawasata stood watch with the main army of the land, while Ecktechuko went to Yoruba to bring them closer into the fold. He also ordered the town of Abomey built on the Yoruba coast.
Civilized tech 6.

Eastern Africa

ISLAMIC TRADE CARTEL
Trader Al-Joe
DIPLOMACY: Shoa (bo), Mansura (mf), Egypt (bo), Calicut (mf), Tamaralpiti (mf), Palas (mf)
Big Al shifted his center of gravity to India, while trying to hang on in Egypt. He shifted a lot of his merchant shipping from Abyssinian routes to India. He was not happy to hear that someone had knocked out his Merchant Factor in Alexandria. The Cartel signed contracts with Chola and Bengal.
Renaissance tech 8.

THE KINGDOM OF ABYSSINIA
Sibhat Zagwe
DIPLOMACY: Nubia (t), Djibuti (ea), Zabid (ea)
Sibhat brings Nubia in to the kingdom and convinces the Sunni of Djibuti and its port of Zabid to integrate with the Kingdom, economically. He also continues the slow, laborious work on his road network.
Civilized tech 7.

Southern Africa

THE BAKONGO KINGDOM
Oduduma, King of Bakongo
DIPLOMACY: Lui (t)
Oduduma gains influence in Lui. He also continued his wide ranging investments in the local economy and local learning centers.
Barbarian tech 3.
No cavalry.

THE KINGDOM OF THE MWANA-MUTAPHA
Dunbo Changamire, King of Rozwi
DILPOMACY: Bassa (t)
Dunbo convinced the tribes of Bassa to pay tribute.
Civilized tech 4. No cavalry.


THE NEW WORLD

North America

THE MISSISSIPPI EMPIRE
Noktesunah, Son of the Sun
DIPLOMACY: Adena (nt), Scioto (a)
The Sun King strengthened the relationship with the Scioto; he also initiated contact with the village of Adena. Improvements were sought in administrative and government affairs.
Pre-Columbian. No cavalry.

THE SEQUOIA NATION
Running Bear
DIPLOMACY: None
Running Bear ruled while his son, Growling Bear, expanded the family line; he seemed to enjoy the effort.
Barbarian. No cavalry.

THE CREEK DEATH CULT
Shukahosus
DIPLOMACY: Cheraw (colonized)
Shukahosus colonized Cheraw.
Pre-Columbian. No cavalry.

THE PLAQUEMINE NATCHEZ
Mukalus
DIPLOMACY: None
Mukalus also stayed at home, stocking up for the future.
Pre-Columbian. No cavalry.

Meso America

THE TEPANEC HEGEMONY
Xiu Cinteotl
DIPLOMACY: Achi (nt), Kekchi (f)
Xiu Cinteotl made broad minor investments in his societal structures and institutions; he also initiated ties with Achi and strengthened relations with Kekchi .
Civilized tech 4. No cavalry.

THE ARAWAK OF THE ISLANDS
Ahabatey
DIPLOMACY: None
Ahabatey built a port city in Colon (Sannan).
Pre-Columbian.

THE AZTECS
Matlaccoatzin, the Blood King
DIPLOMACY: Tarascan (ea), Huexotla (t), Texcoco (nt)
Matlaccoatzin orders raids on Nahuatl, Huave, and Popoluca for slaves while at the same time wooing Tarascan, Huexotla, and Texcoco.
Civilized tech 4. No cavalry.

South America

CHIMU NNN
Taycanamo
DIPLOMACY: None
Taycanamo had wondered if anything could turn back the Incan tide. He would soon find out.
Civilized tech 4. No cavalry.

THE MIGHTY INCAN EMPIRE
Tatam Yach
DIPLOMACY: Maranga (ea)
Tatam sent his son north to Chimu with 10,000 of his closest friends to show the world what happens to those that oppose the will of Inca. He also sent Anta-Aclla to advise the young heir; it was a nice match as the Incans met the remainder of the Chimu army in southern Chimu. Pachacuti launched a feint in the center and sent over 4,000 against the thinly held enemy left. It was all over by mid-day. With the surrender of the few surviving members of the Chimu royal family, the Kingdom of Chimu ceased to exist.

Down south, Tatam was pleased to here that peaceful means were also effective as Maranga joined the Empire.
Civilized tech 5. No cavalry

MSI-5

# Nation Name MSI ESI Player Name TV EMail Address  
1 Ming Empire 289.7 3 Temujin Kam Suhn 29.9 Temujinkamsuhn@worldnet.att.net  
2 Kingdom of Poland/Lithuania 148.1 7 Matthew Taylor 9.5 mtaylor@hq.usra.edu  
3 Kingdom of Portugal 116.9 5 Jamie Halla 11.3 hallatosis@hotmail.com  
4 Duchy of Burgundy 98.9 4 Ivan Mostinckx 11 Ivan.Mostinckx@planetinternet.be  
5 Kingdom of Denmark 87.5 21 Brian Sico 6.8 brians@zenweb.com  
6 The Golden Horde 82.7 37 Chris Cornuelle 8.4 bob@math.umn.edu  
7 The Ottoman Sultanate 83.3 8 Jeff Morrison 14 rebel@blclinks.net  
8 Kingdom of France 80.8 11 (James Marshall) 9.2 james.f.marshall@gte.net  
9 The Majapahit Kingdom of Java 78.5 28 Lorne Colmar 5.3 lorne@lcolmar.freeserve.co.uk  
10 The Timurid Emirate 75.5 16 (Travas Gunell) 11.7 lordsstuff@yahoo.com  
11 Knights of St John 74.3 15 James Cochran 4.5 jcochran@unique-software.com  
12 The Incan Empire 73.4 33 James Oakley 4.8 ostar@mail.com  
13 Kingdom of England 71.8 22 (Ed Connery) 6.4 econnery@pciglobal.com  
14 Safavid Sultanate 71.4 32 Alex Inglis 7.2 alex_n_nic@optusnet.com.au  
15 Ashikaga Japan 69 41 Akira 5.5 akira1999@juno.com  
16 Kingdom of Naples 69 35 Charles Hurst 8.6 charlesh@teleport.com  
17 Republic of Genoa 68.3 2 Gregory Aldous 9.2 gwa3827@garnet.acns.fsu.edu  
18 The Sultanate of Jaunpur 65.8 25 Bob Nardone 2.2 bnardone@mail.del.net  
19 Kingdom of Castile 63.5 17 Paul Flinton 10 pflinton_lords31@hotmail.com  
20 Duchy of Saxony 63.5 45 Ed Allen 2.5 tgroove@earthlink.net  
21 The Vijayangar Empire 64.2 29 Don Deutsch 4.7 DDeutsch@rmgmpls.com  
22 The Hanseatic League 62.9 1 Lee Forester 20.8 forester@webmail.hope.edu  
23 Kingdom of Hungary 63.2 43 JJ Martell 3.7 jnmj@dwave.net  
24 The Hafsid Caliphate 63.3 56 Brian Forester 4.5 ysgarran@hotmail.com  
25 Kingdom of Aragon 61.6 9 Matt Holy 12.1 holyman@blight.com  
26 Duchy of Bohemia 61.7 42 Mark Newman 3.7 MNewman565@aol.com  
27 The Mali Empire 60.1 38 Robert Miles 4.4 rmiles@dellnet.com  
28 The Teutonic Knights 59.5 12 Rick Ludowese 4.7 RickLud@aol.com  
29 The Hindu Kingdom of Orissa 59.4 47 (Sean) 3.7 R72north@aol.com Open
30 Legion of the Just 57.8 27 (Jeff Sharp) 2.3 septa_1@hotmail.com Open
31 The Kingdom of Abyssinia 56.3 40 David Sarisohn 9.5 dsarison@mars.superlink.net  
32 Duchy of Milan 56.2 24 Joe Dragonette 3.8 Drjdrag@cs.com  
33 The Mameluke Sultanate 54.6 18 Jon Sharp 4.3 vermyn@hotmail.com  
34 The Sequoia Nation 55 46 (Mike Work) 1.2 shogun+@pitt.edu  
35 *he Empire of the Great Khan 55.1 26 Mark Saint Cyr 7.6 miklos_aerasume@email.com  
36 Republic of Venice 54.5 13 Kristen Beauchamp 6.1 Darvidien@aol.com  
37 The Marinid Khalifate 54.4 54 (Abu Said Othman) 0.6 SmoggyRob@earthlink.net Open
38 The Sultanate of Gujerat 52.1 59 David Inglis 4.5 pugslote@yahoo.com.au  
39 Order of the Cross and Cannon 52.2 23 (Jorge Chacon) 2.4 jchacon@intelnet.net.gt  
40 Principality of Moscow 52.3 19 Eric Morgan 3.1 solar_imperium @imaginemail.com  
41 Repubic of Novgorod 52.1 20 (Ed Toms) 5.4 bobannoni@hotmail.com  
42 Bhakti Sect (Hindu) 50.6 51 Open Nation 0.3    
43 The Plaquemine Natchez 49.8 73 Open Nation 2.3    
44 Emir of Rum 49.9 67 (Brandon Handley) 2.5 emit82@hotmail.com Open
45 Swiss Confederation 48.5 39 Bill Karn 1.8 waywatcher@sprynet.com  
46 The Roman Catholic Papacy 46.5 6 Sean Boomer 3.3 gnaeusatiuspertinax@yahoo.co.uk  
47 The Kingdom of Malacca 44.9 60 Open Nation 3.1    
48 Austria 43.5 50 Chris Caliano 2 KhaosRa@aol.com  
49 The Kingdom of Champa 44 53 Wilson Hsieh 1.8 wilson@cs.utah.edu  
50 Republic of Florence 44.1 30 (Gary Morrison) 4.6 gsmorr@blclinks.net  
51 The Cheibanid Khanate 43 44 Open Nation 7    
52 The Sultanate of Delhi 43.3 69 Ron Olexsak 2.8 sakzilla@uswest.net  
53 The Sultanate of Bengal 42.3 49 Michael Blocker 3.1 Michael_Blocker@med.unc.edu  
54 The Burman Kingdom of Ava 42.1 64 Open Nation 1.4    
55 he Kingdom of Kanem 41.9 70 Open Nation 1.1    
56 Aegean CCI 41.3 10 Jason Rico 8.1 ricoj@rconnect.com  
57 The Mon Kingdom of Pegu 41.3 55 George Shrake 1.8 GEORGE.SHRAKE@asu.edu  
58 Duchy of Brandenburg 40 52 George W. Mayr 2.2 geomayr@valstar.net  
59 The Tai Kingdom of Ayuthia 39.1 63 Scott Murrell 3.8 scottdmurrell@yahoo.com  
60 The Tepanec Hegemony 39 71 Open Nation 1.8    
61 Hausaland 38.2 65 (Ted Kaminski) 2.6 kaminski@midplains.net  
62 The Mississippi Empire 38 66 Theodore Shannon 3.3 Theodore.p.shannon@prodigy.net  
63 Kingdom of Scotland 38.2 34 Phillip Baird 7.2 phillipbaird@sprintmail.com  
64 Principality of Serbia 38.2 31 (Tim Finton) 5 khan_tim@yahoo.com  
65 The Goryeo Kingdom 35.5 68 Melanie Rivers 3.6 melrivers@mailcity.com  
66 The Wolof Kingdom of Takrur 35.7 57 Open Nation 4.8    
67 The Sultanate of Bahmani 34.5 48 Open Nation 3.8    
68 Yellow Hats (Tibet) 34.9 75 Thomas Harlan 0.3 thomash@throneworld.com  
69 Mwana-Mutapha 34.3 76 Open Nation 1.7    
70 The Aztecs 33.4 36 Todd McCloskey 4.6 apoxis@hotmail.com  
71 Duchy of Bavaria 33.3 61 (Adam Ramsey) 2.3 Aethanr98@aol.com Open
72 The Creek Death Cult 32.7 74 Open Nation 1.8    
73 The Bakongo Kingdom 32.8 72 Open Nation 1    
74 Black Sheep Turkomans 31.5 58 Open Nation 1.8    
75 The Sultanate of Malwa 29.5 62 Open Nation 2.6    
76 The Arawak of the Islands 28.8 77 Open Nation 1.4    
77 Islamic Trade Cartel 28.2 14 David Adams 4.3 dadams@msi-world.com  

Last Updated on 3/29/00 By David Salter