Lords of the Earth

Campaign Nineteen

Turn 63

Anno Domini 1211 - 1215

Turn 64 Orders Due By: Friday, December 23rd.  Orders will not be accepted after Midnight MST on Saturday, December 24th.          



I Hope everyone had a Happy Thanksgiving and has a Happy and Safe Holiday Season.

Price Increase:

Due to increasing workload, the sign-up/per turn cost is now $7.00.  I apologize for any inconvenience this decision may cause. 


From this point, any player who sends missionaries to an uncontrolled area that is of a hostile organized religion will get no conversion result and a bunch of dead missionaries.

Leaders & Espionage Actions (Battle Assistance):  In order for a leader to perform this action he must remain with the army he is aiding.  APs spent in moving around with the army do not count towards the action itself.  The maximum bonus a leader may make using this action is +1.  So make sure you’ve got leaders with high CHA scores on this.

More on Leaders & Espionage Actions: I am beginning to get the feeling that this rule is being abused and I may excise it entirely in the near future.

The Cause Mutiny Operation (CM): players attempting this operation must produce a valid reason as to why the mutiny would occur or it will automatically fail.  And no, “Because I think it should succeed.” is not a valid reason.

Interactions between the Hemispheres: at this point only the Seafaring cultures may sail between the Hemispheres.  Once people hit Renaissance, then they may attempt to do so as well.  So the New World players should stop trying to get to Europe and Non Seafaring Old World players should do likewise.

Building units:  The vast majority of units must be built in a city within your HBZ.  The exceptions are as follows:

1)      Ships may be built in a port outside the HBZ if it is the only one available.

2)      Field forts may be built in any region at NT status or higher.

3)      Inexperienced infantry may be built in a F region within your HBZ.

4)      Nomad/Barbarian cultures may build units at a Trade Center within their HBZ.

In all these instances please be aware of the yard capacity for all ships and all heavy class units.

Some advice that will (hopefully) speed up processing time):

1)      When players are increasing a city, please indicate what the new size will be.

2)      For ships to be built for conversion to MSP, you can also put what route they’re going into in the Builds section.   Projects may also be put in the Builds section.

3)      When building a road link, indicate which region it starts in and which region it’s going to.  Don’t give me city names.

4)      For players who are not using a standard WORD or XTEL format, please put the information in the following order:  Revenue; Maintenance, Investments, Builds, Transfers, Projects, Trade Routes, Intel Ops, Religious Ops, Leader Actions.  When indicating an expense, please list gps first then nfp.


Contacting & Paying the Referee

I will no longer be taking money directly for turns.  Instead, players sending funds by mail should make all checks payable to Thomas Harlan and send them either to the 2nd Street address or to Thomas’ address, which is:

Thomas Harlan

3210 E. 23rd Street

Tucson, AZ 85713-2261

Below are my Email and Regular mail addresses:

4858 East 2nd Street

Tucson, AZ 85711

Email: ancaric@throneworld.com

Payment: When paying via Paypal, please send all funds to this account:


Zero and Negative Credit: Consequences

Players at zero or negative credit at the time of deadline or will have a negative balance at the conclusion of processing will not have their orders processed, plain and simple.  So get your orders and payment in before processing starts or life will become very unfair very quickly.  Finally, players with a negative balance are liable to get their country reassigned without notice.  You have been warned.

Rule Changes and Clarifications

        The complete list of rules changes (including the happy stuff on Smallpox) can be found on the Lords 19 page on the Throneworld website.  If you haven’t read them, please do so.  Reading them will save you (and me) a lot of grief.

Japan & the Pacific Rim

The Taira Bakufu

Taira Haro, Daimyo of Kwanto, Shogun of Japan.

Diplomacy    Tottori, in Shimane (+10 to YfC), Toyama (+11 to YfC)

        Urban expansion in the Land of the Rising Sun continued with Edo growing to size 10, Kumamoto to size 5 and Kyoto to size 3.

The Moluccas Seahold

Rokaku V, Lord of the Spice Islands


        Things got off to a wild and wooly start with the death of both Rokaku III and his heir Rokaku IV at the end of 1211.  This ignited a delightful little round of interfamilial slaughter that left the eldest of the late king’s sons (who took his father’s cognomen) in control.  Despite these difficulties the Moluccans continued to subjugate the island of Borneo, crushing the Sabah in a difficult campaign and then landing garrisons in Timur, Selatan and Tengah to enforce the Seahold’s claims to those places.

The Kingdom of Java

Mingfa Tengku, Beloved of Ganesha

Diplomacy    None

        Singhasari and Sunda were increased to level 4 and some missionary activity among the Malaysians of Palambang was undertaken.

The Maree Kingdom of Australia

Gelar Taree, Prince of Maree

Diplomacy    None     

        After a brief hiatus, Gelar continued to send colonists north and south.  To the south, colonists settled Geelong to a (2/9), while in the north; Camoweal was settled to a (1/9).  A road was built between Toowomba and Tih-ar-dha via Ayr and Nambour expanded to a size 10 city.  Finally, Aanx was put under cultivation.

The Arikat of Maori

Ghorgon, King of the Southern Islands

Diplomacy    Vanuatu (f), Hawaii (f)

        A new port, Ipota, was built on Vanuatu and the Hawaiians were convinced to join the Arikat.


The Kingdom of Shan’si

Sung Xoing, King of Shan’si, Watcher of the Northern Marches

Diplomacy    Mantap (fa)

        The death of Xiong (in 1212) and his son and heir, Chao (in 1211) kinda threw things for a loop.  Fortunately, Xiong had another son, Sung, who quickly took up the trappings of power (cutting short a diplomatic trip in Ningsia to do so).

        Speaking of Ningsia, it was put under cultivation.  Two fortresses were built, in Ban Dao and in Shan’si itself.  Finally, there were the usual city expansions.

City (Region)

New Size

Golden Moon (Bandao)


Iron Mountain (Bao Ding)


Tianshu (Huang)


Morning Calm (Koguryo)


Tai’Yuan (Shan’si)


Wuhu (Wu Hai)


The Kingdom of Hupei

Cao Ai Tiao, King of Hupei

Diplomacy    None

        A fortress was built in Lanchou and the region was cultivated as well, which allowed the royal road between Chinling and that place to be completed faster.  Also, Quinn continues to grow, reaching size 9.  Cao Ai Tiao also sent missionaries among the northern pagans as well as to the court of the Jungarians, with not as much success as he would have liked.

The Kingdom of Kwangsi

Wu Juan II, Prince of Kwangsi

Diplomacy    None

        Wu Juan blew the budget surplus on a massive orgy of city expansion:

City (Region)

New Size

Dayu (Ghanzhou)


Kian (Kiang’si)


Fuzhou (Kwangtung)


Chou (Lingnan)


Tang (Lingsi)


Shantou (Lingtung)


Xiamen (Nanling)


        In addition, Kienchou and Kiang’si were put under cultivation.  Additional walls and troops were built in raised in case certain people fresh from their victory over other certain other people were getting ambitious.

        Finally, Wu Juan died in 1214 and was duly replaced.

Southeast Asia

The Kingdom of Champa

Khavirhan II, King of Champa, Lord of Vijaya

Diplomacy Preikuk (-2 YfC, oops), Phan Rang (+2 YfC, that’s better), Pattaya, in Phan Rang (-5 YfC, eek!), Khemer (+6 YfC, whew!)

        Aside from some mixed attempts to get the newly conquered Khemer to like him, Khavirhan built have a road link to Nakhon, in order to improve trade with Maghada.


The Kingdom of Maghada

Hiten, Raja of Bengal


        Hiten ordered a port fortress raised in Arakan and a whole bunch of city expansions:

City (Region)

New Size

Chittagong (Samatata)


Sittwe (Arakan)


Yangon (Pegu)


Tezu (G’tsang)


Naupada (Kalinga)


Parganas (Nadavaria)


Patna (Chandela)


Aisha (Gaur)


Karimgani (Assam)


Taralipti (Palas)


In addition, the royal road between Thanton to Nakhon was finished and another link was built in the latter region to the Champan border.  Kosala was put under cultivation and Bhutan was finally completely converted to the new faith.

The Kingdom of Chola

Raman, King of Chola, Lord of Tanjore

Diplomacy    Maldives (fa)

        A diplomatic trip to Qatar was a fiasco, the local emir giggling at the naiveté of these ridiculous pagans.  So the diplomat was executed and the two maidens he brought to induce the emir wound up in his harem anyway.  In more domestic matters, Kakinda, Solapur, and Chitradurga grew to size 4 and Hyderabad to size 3.

The Pratihara Empire of Kaunaj

Rao Jawar Vikram, Emperor of India

Diplomacy    Avanti (t), Vatsa (f), Dahala (f)

        Jawar continued to improve his realm, founding new cities in Und (Srinagar), Und (Bikaner), Sukkur (Multan), adn Punjab (Meerut).  In addition, the road link between Und and Kashmir was completed, as was the one between Chela and Vengi.  A new road between Chela and Kakatiya was built as well.  Finally, the following cities grew: Benares (14), Kaunaj (14), Mandvi (5), Dire Dawa (2), Thanesar (4), Vishakhaptnam (4) and Agra (9).

Central Asia

The Kingdom of Jungaria

Kilij Arslen, Lord of Karakocho.

Diplomacy    Dzungaria (t)

        Altai was successfully put under cultivation, to cries of “well done!” and other such congratulatory statements.

The Emirate of Samarkhand

Selim ibn Hakim, Emir of Samarkhnad

Diplomacy  Kophat Dagh (nt), Merv, in Kophat Dagh (c), Badakshan (nt)

        Deciding that he just didn’t have enough cities, Selim started building some new ones by gum!  Ten new cities sprouted up throughout the Emirate.  Tus, in Transoxania; Yarkand, in Kush; Nishapur, in Uzbek; Kizil, in Ferghana; Turfan, in Kuldja; Talas, in Singahakh; Istakhr, in Firoz Kohi; Zaranj, in Kash; Tokmak, in Hazarajat; and Shustar, in Baluchistan.

The Khazar Khanate

Basil, Kagan of Khazar and Saksiny

Diplomacy    Kuban (nt)

        New cities rose up throughout the Khanate, fuelled by the ever generous Byzantine subsidies.  Ports arose in Patzinak, Khazar and Levidia (named Yeysk, Khazaria and Taganrog respectively).  In additon, Kara-Kemen grew to size 5.

The Near East

The Hamadid Sultanate

Salal al-Hasan, Sultan of Damascus and Protector of the Holy Places

Diplomacy    Edessa (ea following allied leader death)

        Salal raised more troops, built more ships and kept a wary eye on his northern neighbor.  They’re so...Byzantine...those Byzantines...

The Buwayid Emirates

Masoud ibn Tajir, Emir of Emirs, Protector of the Caliph.

Diplomacy    None

        Things were extremely quiet in the Land of the Two Rivers.  Tabara, Mandulis and Farselos all grew to size three.

The Emirate of Aden

Mansoor al-Sheikh, Emir of Aden and S’ana.

Diplomacy    Beylul, in Zelia (+2 to YfC)

        Did little of note.

Eastern Europe

The Eastern Roman Empire

Constantine Diocletian, Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire.

Diplomacy    Croatia (c), Banat (nt), Ludgorie (a)

        Diocletian’s life was kept interesting by avoiding yet another assassination attempt by a disgruntled backer of the usurper Paulos.  In other events, Theodosiopolis in Georgia was rebuilt after lying in ruins for many years and the new royal road link between Lydia and Isauria was finished.  Ludgorie was put under cultivation and Orthodox missionaries continue to run amok in the Balkans, converting Banat to the true faith, and then some Roman Catholic missionaries from Bohemia showed up and converted some of the population as well.  So much for religious conformity.

The Principality of Muscovy

Kirporos, Boyar of Muscovy

Diplomacy    Turov (fa)            

        Kyiv continued to grow, reaching size 9.  Atelzuko was colonized back to its old level with good Russian peasants.  A Khazar agent was apprehended sneaking around Igorgrad and more of the easterners were implicated in spreading rumors of a Polish spy ring in Kyiv.  The Boyar is not amused...

The Kingdom of Poland

Jaruzelski, King of Poland

Diplomacy    None

        In an effort to improve his ISD, Lech built roads into Kauyavia (from Poland) and Volhynia (from Little Poland).  Lithuania was also relinquished.  Finally, Lech lead over 23,000 troops into Slovakia to force the Magyars there to the Catholic faith at sword-point.  This was easier said than done and the Slovaks resisted furiously.  In the end resistance was crushed though it cost Lech his life.  Rule was taken up by his brother Jaruselski.

The Duchy of Estonia

Konstantine Viikberg, Duke of Estonia

Diplomacy    No effect

        A new port, Haapsalv, was built on the island of Saarema.  Novgorod was put under cultivation.

Western Europe


The Duchy of Bohemia

Martin Govner, Duke of Bohemia

Diplomacy    Alfold (fa)

        New royal roads were built between Thuringia and Westphalia as well as between Bohemia and Austria.  City expansion continued as well with Brno growing to size 4; Bamberg to size 10 (plus a new citadel); and Amtserdam to size 6.  An additional fortress was built in Saxony itself.  To the south, Catholic missionaries flooded into Banat and gave the Orthodox missionaries there something to debate, by gum.

The Roman Catholic Church

Innocent III, Bishop of Rome, Vicar of Christ

Diplomacy    See below...          

        Wasting no time, the Pontiff set to work dispatching Cardinals throughout the length and breadth of Catholic Christendom to found new churches in:



Latium (ch)


Romagna (ch)

Ravenna (ch)

Verona (ch)


Lombardy (ch)

Milano (ch)

Savoy (ch)

Torino (ch)

Slovenia (ch)


Carinthia (ch)

Hydrothia (ch)

Tuscany (ch)

Massa-Carrera (ch)

Liguria (ch)


Provence (ch)

La Croix (ch)

Lyonnais (ch)


Burgundy (ch)

Basel (ch)

Franconia (ch)


Campania (ch)

Naples (ch)

Calabria (ch)

Reggio (ch)

Sicily (ch)

Palermo (ch)

Andalusia (ch)

Seville (ch)


Madiera (ch)

Valencia (ch)

Valentia (ch)


Prague (ch)

The Vernonian Empire

Claudius Germanicus, Emperor of Italy

Diplomacy    Tyrol (f, following allied leader death), Sardinia            (t)

        Roma grew to size 5 and many new field forts were built in the Empire’s new possessions.   Things got downright ugly in Venice at the beginning of 1215 when Valdemar II died.  This became a problem as he had declared his youngest nephew heir to the throne whilst siring three sons of his own.  The former event didn’t please Valdemar’s other nephews (and one ambitious niece) who felt that they deserved the honor and Valdemar’s continued siring of sons displeased the heir designate (which to make things confusing was also named Valdemar).  Shortly after the elder Valdemar’s death, the rival group of siblings fell out and set upon one another with murderous gusto, the younger Valdemar being knifed to death at supper one evening.  Over a period of three months, the various siblings killed one another with abandon until one, Claudius, was left.  He declared himself Emperor and adopted the late Emperor’s sole surviving son as his heir and that was that.

Le Royaume de France

Phillipe, King of the Franks

Diplomacy    None     

        Phillipe took time out to try to sire an heir and prepared to liberate his lost lands...

The El Reino De Navarre

Miguel V, King of Navarre

Diplomacy    None

        A new city, Santiago, was raised in Talavera, and a new road was built to it from Murcia.  Ithixa grew to size 5.  See below to see how the peace turned out.

The Navarre Peace, er, War, no wait, Peace

Navarre versus France, Bohemia and Verona

Preliminary Intel: although most fighting had died down, intel work continued.  Veronese and Tunisian attempts to slam the Spanish BL and Infra failed (again), whilst Miguel continued to purge his intel services of French scum, whilst also discovering that the French were continuing to try to infiltrate them as well as having spies in his government.  Miguel wasn’t amused.  In other events, the Veronite commander of in Provence was kidnapped.  This event, coupled with the death of the Duke of Tyrol at the start of the turn, had some rather unfortunate consequences.

Events on Land:  basically, the 43,000+ Navarre army evacuated everything north of the Pyrenees and the 56,000+ French army followed up, liberating regions as they went.  The Spanish settlers of Aquitaine, Gascony and Languedoc soon found themselves on the receiving end of the “second class status” stick.  The only major diversion from this routine was when the Spanish host descended upon Provence and obliterated the (now leaderless) 37,000 strong Veronan army parked there before ending the turn in Catalonia.  The Franks quickly followed behind and liberated Provence as well.  Nothing like having your former enemies do your fighting for you...

Northern Europe

The Kingdom of Wessex

Aldwulf Eadricson, King of the Angles and Saxons

Diplomacy:   No effect

        A network of new postal roads were built throughout the Kingdom, from Northumbria to Lothian, from Mercia to Lancashire and Gwynned and from Wessex to Dyffed.  In less peaceable pursuits, 8,000 troops under Prince Ethelred landed in  Lienster and subdued the natives.  The region was then settled with good, Catholic Saxons, pushing the Celtic-speaking, Culdic population into second class status.  Which will doubtless spur the manufacture of scores of really, really mediocre music (not to mention PBS specials) centuries hence.

The Kingdom of the Svear

Erik Erikson, King of the Swedes

Diplomacy    Fjordane (f), Trondheim (f)

        The Swedes shuffled some troops around and reequipped them.  Trondheim was put under cultivation and the postal road between Uppsala and Halland was upgraded to a Royal Road.  Finally, Kristiansand grew to size 10; Malmo to size 5; and Hammerland to size 2.

The Norse Kingdom of Iceland

Ottar Gregorson, King of the Norse, Dragon King of the Isles

Diplomacy    None

        Gregor keeled over at the beginning of 1211, leaving the kingdom in the hands of his son, Ottar.  Haraldswick grew to size 8 and trade was opened up with the Spanish Muscovite and Poles (one sided in the case of the first two since they can’t assign MSPs to the routes).  Events on Vinland seemed to have settled to some degree as the Norse made a gift of some horses to their long-suffering guests.  The prisoners were also released but both died of general ill health shortly afterwards (you try living in a drafty, cold cell for ten years and see what shape you’re in).

North Afriqa

The Maghreb Emirate

Bulent ibn Umar, Emir of Morroco

Diplomacy    No effect

        Bulent built some more ships and kept a wary eye on his neighbor to the north.

Al Fatamid Caliphate Al Qaira

Zair Yusif ibn Muhtadi, Fatamid Caliph of Egypt

Diplomacy    None

        Yusif built more troops and remained ever vigilant against Christian aggression.

West Afriqa

The Kingdom of Ghana

Kwazi, Lord of Kumbi-Saleh

Diplomacy     Kurfei (c), Susu (f)

        Kwazi engaged in a big ole bout of city expansion:

City (Region)

New Size

Goundam (Garou)


Bourem (Dogama)


Banjul (Gambia)


Conakry (Takrur)


Shenge (Susu)


Badiar (Senegal)


Ayrou (Gorouol)


Dendi (Zerma)


Niamey (Nupe)


The Kingdom of Togo

Morenike, King of Togo and Akan

Diplomacy Kam (t), Marampa (f), Senufo (c)

         The post road between Togo and Ife (via Yoruba) was upgraded to a royal highway.  Umbanda grew to size 2 and Wawa to size 4.  An attempt to build a new port in Bomi foundered due to insufficient funds and manpower assigned to it.  The region itself was put under cultivation.

The Kingdom of Kanem-Bornu

Susiseko III, King of Kanem and Bornu

Diplomacy Jos (f)

        Kreda was put under cultivation.  Susiseko continued to keep a wary eye on his neighbors.

South Afriqa

The Bakongo Kingdom

Kima Wambolea, Regent for...

Joje Wambolea, King of Bakongo

Diplomacy    None

        The road between Kongo  and N’gao was completed and work began on a bridge/road between N’gao and Bandundu.

The Kingdom of Nyasa

Asserate IV, Chief of the Nyasa

Diplomacy None

        Ibo increased to size 3.

The Kingdom of Rozwi

Munyika II, King of Rozwi, Lord of Zimbabwe

Diplomacy None

        Barotse was colonized to a (1/1) and put under cultivation.

The Kingdom of Vaal

Shaka I, King of Vaal and Mapungubwe

Diplomacy None

        Shaka minded his own affairs.

North America

The Tlingit People

Xuts, Chief of the Tlingit, Lord of the Far North.

Diplomacy None

        Nootka was put under cultivation.



Feathered Coyote, Ruler of California

Diplomacy None

        Eastern colonization continued with the wastes of Moapa and Mohave being colonized to a (-/8) and (-/6) respectively, while the plains of Gosiutue were settled to a (1/3).  Eureka and New Teotihuacan grew to size 8 each and Koos Bay to a size 6.  The Yokuts also finished their half of the Shsshone/Cheyenne mountain highway.   Finally, Obsidian Coyote bit the dust in 1213 and was succeeded without incident.

The Anasazi Nation

Motega II, Chief of the Anasazi, Lord of the Chaco

Diplomacy Pisones (a)

        Xinaian, in the far east, grew to a size 7.  Pisones and Apache were put under cultivation and the latter was settled to a (1/3).  Two road links were built in the north, one between Yampa and Ute, the other between Moche to Unita.  Motega cast off all the desert regions he colonized last turn (Hopi, Papago, Pima and Yavapi).

The Mississippian Empire

Wahiti, Regent for…

Patamon II, The Great Beaver of the Snake

Diplomacy None

               Wahiti continued to preside of the court of the boy-Emperor.  Teton was put under cultivation; Nameluni and Cheyenne were further settled to a (2/1) and (2/2) respectively.  Two new ports were built, Oneota, in Oto and Anishinabe in Chippewa, while Cahokia grew to size 10 and Kaskaskam to size 8.  Finally, the road net continued to expand with a postal road being built between Muskegeon and Saginaw while the postal links between Illinois and Sauk; Illinois and Muskegeon; and Saginaw and Potawatomi were all upgraded to royal roads.

The Natchez Confederacy

Swift Fox, Great Sun of the Natchez

Diplomacy No effect

        Events on Vinland seem to be improving as the Norse gave some horses to the Natchez delegates and released their prisoners (though sadly, they both died shortly thereafter).  Events then took a slightly comic turn as the Atakapans had to sail home to retrieve other victims, er, Princesses to try to wed into the Norse nobility.  Sadly when they returned the eligible bachelor had left on other business leaving the delegation cooling their heels in windy Vinland.  

        At home things were better as the royal road between Atakapa and Caddo was finished and new links were built between Taposa and Choctaw; Caddo and Osage and Caddo and Onate.

The Yamasee People

Soaring Eagle, Chief of the Yamasee

Diplomacy None

        Catawba was colonized to a (2/6).


The Toltec Hegemony of Chichen Itza

Quatayilla, Grand Hegemon of the Maya

Diplomacy    Tlacopan, in Culhua (f)

        There was a brief scare when a plot was uncovered on the part of general Uyu to seize the throne with the troops he had been given to command.  Fortunately, the general was found out and sacrificed to the gods as punishment.

        In domestic affairs, the urbanization continued.

City (Region)

New Size

Itza Hatul (Cuyutec)


Tahahta (Huastec)


Ilyani (Huave)


Texcoco (Huexotla)


Mali (Nahuatl)


Tula (Otomi)


Comalcalco (Popoluca)


Aki Mali (Tahwhaka)


Utxa (Tamulipec)


Tapachula (Tarascan)


Ita Laza (Tepanec)


Iz Haula (Tepuztec)


Tlatelolco (Tlapocoya)


Tres Zapotes (Totonac)


Mitla (Zapotec)


Tlacopan (Culhua)


Yuni (Kekchi)


Aki Alinde (Cora)


The Arawak of the Islands

Huracan, Lord of the Islands

Diplomacy    None

        Trinidad was rebuilt and a bunch of money was poured into urban public works.  Lautaro died in 1211 and the war with the Chibchans was abandoned.

Solar Empire of Chibchan

Pech Toq, King of the Chibchan

Diplomacy None

        With the Arawak neutralized, Pech Toq returned to nation-building.  New road links were built between Yekuana and Aracuna and between Caquietio and Caraca.  In addition, new towns were built in Caraca (Cumana, a port); Cumangoto (Maturin, also a port); Yaruro (Orocue); and Yekuana (Canuiama).

South America

The Kingdom of Paraiba

Panib III, King of Paraiba

Diplomacy Arana (a)

        Timbira was put under cultivation and a new port, Ichoxal, was built on the coast of Toratapa.  Several cities also increased in size: Ibicarai to 5; Aracui to 7; Maceio to 9; and Mixoxa to size 8.

The Mighty Incan Empire

Atahulapa, Emperor of the Incas


        Pretty quiet, some city expansion continued (not at the same level as the past though.

City (Region)

New Size

Paykikin (Choco)


Cuatico (Huanco)


Huexotla (Cuilino)


Tiahuanacu (Uru)


The Kingdom of Karanga

Amaru III, Lord of the South

Diplomacy None

        Ulyani was colonized to a (1/1) region.

The Kingdom of Shokleng

Upulo, King of Shokleng

Diplomacy None

        Things were fairly quiet here as well, although there was the usual passel of city expansions (Curitiba, Tupanicereta, Cangucu, and Itabiana to size 9; Macae to size 5; Montevideo and Upulo to size 2).  Shokleng sailors also managed to get as far north as the Cariaco Sea without getting sunk or eaten by sharks.

The Mapuche Empire

Bakari, Emperor of the Mapuche

Diplomacy None

        Another religious monument to the glory of the Sun was built, in Eteche, in Chechete.  The monument in Quiroci was expanded as well.  In urban matters, Esquel and Madryn grew to size 5 and Eteche grew to size 2.