Lords of the Earth

Campaign Nineteen

Turn 61

Anno Domini 1201 - 1205

Turn 62 Orders Due By: Friday, October 21st.  Orders will not be accepted after Midnight MST on Saturday, October 22nd.           



Price Increase:

Due to increasing workload, the sign-up/per turn cost is now $7.00.  I apologize for any inconvenience this decision may cause. 


From this point, any player who sends missionaries to an uncontrolled area that is of a hostile organized religion will get no conversion result and a bunch of dead missionaries.

Leaders & Espionage Actions (Battle Assistance):  In order for a leader to perform this action he must remain with the army he is aiding.  APs spent in moving around with the army do not count towards the action itself.  The maximum bonus a leader may make using this action is +1.  So make sure you’ve got leaders with high CHA scores on this.

Interactions between the Hemispheres: at this point only the Seafaring cultures may sail between the Hemispheres.  Once people hit Renaissance, then they may attempt to do so as well.  So the New World players should stop trying to get to Europe and Non Seafaring Old World players should do likewise.

Building units:  The vast majority of units must be built in a city within your HBZ.  The exceptions are as follows:

1)      Ships may be built in a port outside the HBZ if it is the only one available.

2)      Field forts may be built in any region at NT status or higher.

3)      Inexperienced infantry may be built in a F region within your HBZ.

4)      Nomad/Barbarian cultures may build units at a Trade Center within their HBZ.

In all these instances please be aware of the yard capacity for all ships and all heavy class units.

Some advice that will (hopefully) speed up processing time):

1)      When players are increasing a city, please indicate what the new size will be.

2)      For ships to be built for conversion to MSP, you can also put what route they’re going into in the Builds section.   Projects may also be put in the Builds section.

3)      When building a road link, indicate which region it starts in and which region it’s going to.  Don’t give me city names.

4)      For players who are not using a standard WORD or XTEL format, please put the information in the following order:  Revenue; Maintenance, Investments, Builds, Transfers, Projects, Trade Routes, Intel Ops, Religious Ops, Leader Actions.  When indicating an expense, please list gps first then nfp.


Contacting & Paying the Referee

I will no longer be taking money directly for turns.  Instead, players sending funds by mail should make all checks payable to Thomas Harlan and send them either to the 2nd Street address or to Thomas’ address, which is:

Thomas Harlan

3210 E. 23rd Street

Tucson, AZ 85713-2261

Below are my Email and Regular mail addresses:

4858 East 2nd Street

Tucson, AZ 85711

Email: ancaric@throneworld.com

Payment: When paying via Paypal, please send all funds to this account:


Zero and Negative Credit: Consequences

Players at zero or negative credit at the time of deadline or will have a negative balance at the conclusion of processing will not have their orders processed, plain and simple.  So get your orders and payment in before processing starts or life will become very unfair very quickly.  Finally, players with a negative balance are liable to get their country reassigned without notice.  You have been warned.

Rule Changes and Clarifications

        The complete list of rules changes (including the happy stuff on Smallpox) can be found on the Lords 19 page on the Throneworld website.  If you haven’t read them, please do so.  Reading them will save you (and me) a lot of grief.

Japan & the Pacific Rim

The Taira Bakufu

Taira Haro, Daimyo of Kwanto, Shogun of Japan.

Diplomacy    Hagi, in Yamaguchi (f), Tottori, in Shimane (+2 YfC)  , Kumamoto, in Saga (remains allied after allied leader death).

        Edo grew to a size 8 port and the postal road between Kwanto and Toyama was upgraded to a royal road.  Tankokazu died in 1203 and was duly replaced.

The Moluccas Seahold

Rokaku III, Lord of the Spice Islands

Diplomacy    None.    

        Rokaku dispatched generals Tamluk and Tarmani, along with Prince Ariwat to raid the Bali and the Javanese coast.  Results on Bali were mixed as the locals were sufficiently browbeaten to pay tribute to the mighty Rokaku.  On the other hand both Tamluk and Ariwat died of natural causes during the operation.  The raid on Kediri was a messy failure as Tengku had sufficient forces to pound the raiders as they debarked from their ships.  Chastened, Tarmari withdrew.

The Kingdom of Java

Mingfa Tengku, Beloved of Ganesha

Diplomacy    Kadaram, in Perak (nt)

        Deciding to take advantage of his northern neighbor’s discomfiture, Mingfa ordered the dispatch of an 8,000 man expedition to southern Malaysia where they quickly seized Singapore, and forced the locals of Johor and Perak to pay tribute.  General Minas then spent the rest of the turn convincing the city elders of Perak to switch allegiance to Java.  Closer to home, Mingfa got attacked, but he handled it fairly well (see below).  After sending the Moluccans packing,  he then marched across the crossing arrow to Java and liberated the island.

The Maree Kingdom of Australia

Gelar Taree, Prince of Maree

Diplomacy    None     

        Pretty quiet, Aanx was colonized to a (1/3).

The Arikat of Maori

Ghorgon, King of the Southern Islands

Diplomacy    None

        City expansions continued to be the order of the day, with ships sailing hither and yon bringing people and materials to do the job.   Tatasara, Aeteora, Tiakau.and Pojemei grew to size 6, Attara Su to size 4, Suva to size 3 and Apia to size 2.


The Kingdom of Shan’si

Xoing the Merciless, King of Shan’si, Watcher of the Northern Marches

Diplomacy    No effect

        In a truly hernia-inducing bout of engineering, Xoing oversaw the complete upgrading of the old postal road system into a new network of highways that ran throughout the kingdom.  In addition, a new link between Ordos and Huang was built.  Finally, all the cities in the realm were given upgraded walls.  On the spiritual front, Buddhist missionaries completed the conversion of the heathens of Mantap and began work on the steppe nomads of Kin, Tumet and Hsuing’nu.

The Kingdom of Hupei

Cao Ai Tiao, King of Hupei

Diplomacy    Lanchou (c)

        A fairly low-key turn.  Quinn increased to size 7 and several bridges were built across the Grand Canal in Anhui, Tsainan, Kiangsu and Honan.  Troops were stationed along the Great Wall in the north in case the Shan’si got any ideas (they didn’t).

The Kingdom of Kwangsi

Wu Juan, Prince of Kwangsi

Diplomacy    Goungxi (f)

        Wu Juan built some troops and increased some cities.  Xiamen and Shantou to size 4 and Tang and Dayu to size 3.

Southeast Asia

The Kingdom of Champa

Khavirhan, King of Champa, Lord of Vijaya

Diplomacy Preikuk (+2 to YfC)

        Having rustled up some ships (but not before the Khemer heir managed to sneak down river and escape), Khavirhan began the blockade of Angor in earnest.  The defenders managed to hold out in the city for eight months (and in the citadel for another four) before starvation induced a surrender.  Issawa II had died by this time (of malnutrition) and the succession passed to his son, busily raising more troops in Nakhon.  Unfortunately, he would not get an opportunity to ride to the capital’s relief.

The Kingdom of Kambuja

Issawa III, Deveraja of the Kambuja

Diplomacy    None

        Issawa ordered walls built around the remaining cities of his besieged Kingdom, in order to prevent the Champans from just walking into them.  Alas, his woes increased as both the Javans and Maghadans got in on the fray.


The Kingdom of Maghada

Namdev, Raja of Bengal

Diplomacy    Kosala (nt)

        Deciding to take advantage of his neighbor’s plight, Namdev intervened in the Khemer War in a big way, sending 36,000 troops under Prince Ganesh across the border into Thaton.  The Indians ran smack into Khemer general Chandan’s 20,000 new levies and smacked him about handily.  The Khemer withdrew into Nakhon while Ganesh quickly overran Thaton and put Ranong under siege.  After a brief interval the city was stormed and taken.  General Hamant (Ganesh died shortly after the fall of the city) next overran Mon, besieged and took Kuantan and occupied both Kedah and an unfortified Panat.

        At home, some miniscule progress was made in converting the Bhutanese to the Hindic faith.  In addition, there were several city expansions:  Karimgani and Patna grew to size 4; Parganas and Naupada grew to size 3; and Cittagong, Yangon and Tezu grew to size 2.

The Kingdom of Chola

Varun, King of Chola, Lord of Tanjore

Diplomacy    Madurai (f)

        For his part, Varun built half a road link to Pawar in order to trade more effectively with the Rajput.

The Pratihara Empire of Kaunaj

Rao Jawar Vikram, Emperor of India

Diplomacy    Pandua, in Jihjhoti (nt), Dahala (a), Chela (fa)

        Throwing off the sloth of the past three or four decades, Jawar set to work with a will!  New road links were built in Pawar and Und, to facilitate trade with the Cholans and Turks respectively.  The postal road from Sahis to Und via Punjab was upgraded to a main highway.  Work also began on a new road between Und and Kashmir, cutting across the frozen Himalayas.  Work also began on a series of great wall segments along the Ganges.  By turn’s end the border with Maghada was secure and work was continuing further upriver.  Two fortresses were also built, one in Juanpur the other in Uttar Pradesh.  Finally, Kaunaj and Benares were expanded to size 12 and Mandvi to size 3 and a new city, Osian, was built in Kakatiya.

Central Asia

The Kingdom of Jungaria

Kilij Arslen, Lord of Karakocho.

Diplomacy    None

        The Jungaria-Karluk road was completed amid much rejoicing.  Work then began in putting Altay under cultivation.  Kerk Borgha died in late 1203 and was duly succeeded.

The Emirate of Samarkhand

Selim ibn Hakim, Emir of Samarkhnad

Diplomacy  Hazarajat (f)

        Hakim died in late 1201 whilst hob-nobbing with the Kushites and was succeeded without incident.   In other news, another road link was completed between Kash and Afghanistan via hazarajat and hence to the Rajput border.

The Khazar Khanate

Basil, Kagan of Khazar and Saksiny

Diplomacy    None

        The Khazars raised more troops for the war and Chortan spent a good part of 1201 gathering them up with the help of his lieutenants.  He than moved to Pontus where he died at the end of 1202.  Miracles of Miracles, the remaining generals with the army did not revolt and march on Sarigh-Shin; ending the turn in Lydia instead (see below for the rather anti-climactic war stuff).

The Near East

The Hamadid Sultanate

Salal al-Hasan, Sultan of Damascus and Protector of the Holy Places

Diplomacy    Selucia (ea)

        Many Byzantine prisoners were passed off to the Adenites as slaves.  Many others were worked to death to build a great wall segment along the Aleppo/Cilicia border.  More grain was shipped to the Egyptians and the Syrians prepared to take the battle to the enemy! (See below).

The Buwayid Emirates

Masoud ibn Tajir, Emir of Emirs, Protector of the Caliph.

Diplomacy    None

        Having a sudden mess on his hands, Masoud acted quickly to suppress the rebels, raising 20,000 infantry and siege engineers and marching south into Abadan.  The rebel army there was destroyed and Basra was recaptured after a four month siege.  Masoud then marched into Kuwait and subjected the rebels there to the same treatment, before retaking Carhaer as well.  Masoud heaved a sigh of relief, that had been too close.

The Emirate of Aden

Mansoor al-Sheikh, Emir of Aden and S’ana.

Diplomacy    None

        The Adenites withdrew their contingent from Aleppo and headed home, hundred of Byzantine prisoners in tow.  These unfortunates were then used to build a great Mosque, christened Al-Masjid Al-Haram not to far from the Ka’ba in Mecca itself.

Eastern Europe

The Eastern Roman Empire

Constantine Demetrius, Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire.

Diplomacy    None

        Byzantine missionaries continue to make headway among the pagans of the Balkans and the Dnepr region.  Pechneg was fully converted to Orthodoxy.  But you’re all not interested in any of that, are you?  You want to know how the war went.  Yeah, look at you guys, slobbering all over yourselves in ghoulish anticipation.  Sigh.

        In war related news, Constantine, called up the Landwehr, er, I mean declared Mass Conscription and converted a bunch of merchant shipping to transports and then de-mobbed them for the NFP to build troops, thus swelling his armies anew and demonstrating the recuperative powers of the Byzantine state.  Those who think that the Greeks would just roll over and die got another thing coming.

        Oh, and Demetrius cut trade with the Spaniards, out of solidarity with the Franks.

The Principality of Muscovy

Oleg I, Boyar of Muscovy

Diplomacy    Mordva (a), Pereaslavl (f)  

        Bryansk and Igorgrad both expanded to size 2.  The road between Smolensk and Kirivitch was completed.

The Kingdom of Poland

Lech, King of Poland

Diplomacy    Pomerania (ea)

        Cultivation in Goryn continues at its usual glacial pace.  A new city, Budapest, was built in Slovakia.  Finally, Lech marched into Lithuania at the head of some 18,000 troops and browbeat the locals into paying tribute.

The Duchy of Estonia

Konstantine Viikberg, Duke of Estonia

Diplomacy    None

        The Great Northern Canal, running between the Volga and Lake Ladoga was completed.  A new port, Tartu, was built in Kostroma, to celebrate.  Further west, Baltic settlers moved into Oulu, colonizing it to a (1/7).  Finally, Kostroma and Kymia became cultivated.

Western Europe


The Duchy of Bohemia

Martin Govner, Duke of Bohemia

Diplomacy    Silesia (f following allied leader death)

        Martin cut trade with Navarre as an indication of his displeasure over the Spanish bullying of the French.  In other events, Bamberg grew to a size 8 city, a road link was built between Westphalia and Lorraine and Carinthia was put under cultivation.  Finally, Catholic missionaries succeeded in converting the Magyars of Alfold to the True Faith.

The Vernonian Empire

Valdemar Germanicus, Emperor of Italy

Diplomacy    Illyria (a)              

        More troops were rushed to Tripolitania to increase the defenses there.  This was a perspicacious decision on Valdemar’s part.  On the other hand, years of subsidies to various allied leaders bore bitter fruit as the Duke of Switzerland decided to take his shiny new army so generously bought for him by his Italian masters and declare independence.  Fortunately, Valdemar’s son (and namesake) was having none of that, storming across the Alps and smashing the rebels flat.  He then oversaw the completion of the city of Bern, populated with nice loyal Italians.  Finally, Valdemar joined the “let’s snub those Spanish bastards fan club” and cut trade with Navarre.  For results of the hi-jinks in Africa see the Egyptian results, below.

Le Royaume de France

Phillipe, King of the Franks

Diplomacy    None     

        Henri raised additional troops to make good on his catastrophic losses and massed them in Lyonnais, where he died at the end of 1203.  Having failed in battle, the Frecnh tried less direct means to attack their enemies, with mixed results.  Attempts to foment terrorist attacks in Coruna and Bilbao failed as did attempts to raise unrest in Aquitaine and Gascony.  The attempt in Languedoc succeeded however, but was then put down.  On the high seas, French pirates denuded the Bay of Biscay of Navarre shipping.  An attempt to do the same in the Med, however ran afoul of the Spanish navy and was sunk.  On the Intel front, things were also mixed with attacks on the Spanish Government knocking off a whopping four points of Infra.  On the down side, the full extent of the French Infiltration of the Spanish Intel net was discovered and the purges can be reasonably expected to commence.

The El Reino De Navarre

Miguel V, King of Navarre

Diplomacy    None

        After suppressing the revolt in Languedoc, general Stefano oversaw the settling of colonists there.  The Spanish also sent colonists into Aquitaine and Gascony.  In all three regions the native Franks were pushed into second class status.  The Spanish also consolidated their control by building a new port in Languedoc (named Massalia) as well as beginning construction on a road into GasconyDijon and its accompanying citadel were starved into submission, a process that took up several months.

Northern Europe

The Kingdom of Wessex

Aldwulf Eadricson, King of the Angles and Saxons

Diplomacy:   Lancashire (f)

        Eadric died in late 1205 and was succeeded without incident.  In the last years of his rule, Edinburgh increased to a size 3 port.

The Kingdom of the Svear

Erik Erikson, King of the Swedes

Diplomacy    Norway (f), Kopparborg (ea), Smaland (ea)  Smaland and Kopparborg were put under cultivation and Kristiansand and Malmo increased in size (to 8 and 3 respectively).

The Norse Kingdom of Iceland

Gregor II Gregorson, King of the Norse

Diplomacy    None

        No orders.

North Afriqa

The Maghreb Emirate

Bulet ibn Umar, Emir of Morroco

Diplomacy    None

        Attempts to flood southern Spain with Missionaries was a disastrous failure with thousands being strung up, drawn and quartered or burnt.  Tunisia Intel managed to bump off a point of the Navarre’s Intel however.  Other than this, Bulet remained quiet.

Al Fatamid Caliphate Al Qaira

Muhtadi Mujahid ibn Fadi, Fatamid Caliph of Egypt

Diplomacy    None

         NOTE: the Italo-Egyptian results are here.  For the rest of the war, see below. 

        In a fit of what only can be described as silliness, Mujahid decided to lead the home army against the Veronan enclave in Tripolitania while the 160 ship Fatamid navy attempted to interdict the African coast.  Although Admiral Anwar managed to sneak past the 400+ Byzantine fleet reacting out of the Aegean, upon encountering the 600+ Veronan fleet bearing down on him, Anwar beat a hasty retreat.  Remaining lucky, Anwar managed to sneak past the Greeks again, docking in Alexandria (note: in game terms this was resolved by a series of opposed checks against the opposing admirals combat ratings, fortunately for him, Anwar won all of them, had he not, the Egyptian navy would have been reduced to so much kindling). 

        On land, Mujaihid (accompanied by Admiral Akbar) set out at the head of over 100,000 troops.  The Egyptians marched across the burning wastes of Ad’diffah and Lybia before running smack into the 29,000 defenders backed by 50 field forts and a directed defense.  Now the sandal was on the other foot as the Egyptians were thoroughly trounced, leaving 70,000 dead or captive.  The Italians jeered at the Caliph as he withdrew.


Constantinople, Estonia, and Khazaria versus Syria and Egypt.

Initial Intel: Assassins wound Byzantine general Ritan.

        Well this was certainly anti-climactic!  Flush with their recent victory, the combined Syrian-Fatamid army (89,400 strong) marched across into Cilicia where the Egyptian general Ulat was promptly wounded by assassins.  Despite this difficulty, the Muslims pressed on and got promptly bitch-slapped by Demetrius’ 27,000 man army.  The only thing that saved the Saracens from a disastrous defeat was their superiority in cavalry which enabled them to avoid being chopped to pieces in their flight.  Much of their infantry and siege engineers were lost however, being among the 9,600 dead and captured.  Without sufficient infantry and siege engines the Muslims pulled back into Aleppo where all the Fatamid leaders died by turn’s end, leaving that army sans leadership.  Demetrius finished gathering up his troops and ended in Lydia with a shiny new army 64,000 strong.

West Afriqa

The Kingdom of Ghana

Kwazi, Lord of Kumbi-Saleh

Diplomacy     Hausa (a)

        Bani and Mossi were put under cultivation and that was about it.

The Kingdom of Togo

Morenike, King of Togo and Akan

Diplomacy Oyo (f), Kwararafa (a)

        Did some effective diplomacy.

The Kingdom of Kanem-Bornu

Susiseko III, King of Kanem and Bornu

Diplomacy Ikego (t)

        Susiseko continued to build up more troops for the defense of the realm.

South Afriqa

The Bakongo Kingdom

Ugo Wambolea, King of Bakongo

Diplomacy    None

        The jungles of Bandundu were reclaimed for cultivation and Bonaberi expanded to a size 4.

The Kingdom of Nyasa

Asserate IV, Chief of the Nyasa

Diplomacy Kimbu (nt)

        The road between Nyasa and Kilwa was completed.

The Kingdom of Rozwi

Munyika II, King of Rozwi, Lord of Zimbabwe

Diplomacy None

        Kariba was colonized up to a (2/4) and a new city, Bulaweyo was built there (not to be confused with Bulawayo, the capital of the Vaal).

The Kingdom of Vaal

Shaka I, King of Vaal and Mapungubwe

Diplomacy Cape (f, following Allied leader death)

        Bulawayo grew to size two (not to be confused with Bulaweyo, in Kariba) and a new city, Maputo, was built in Nguni (not to be confused with the other city by the same name in Shona).  The death of M’tesa IV in late 1203, precipitated a veritable massacre within the Royal Family as the late king’s younger brother, slaughtered his other siblings and then his late brother’s off spring and had himself declared king.

North America

The Tlingit People

Xuts, Chief of the Tlingit, Lord of the Far North.

Diplomacy None

        Nootka was colonized to a (-/2).



Obsidian Coyote IV, Ruler of California

Diplomacy None

        New Teotihuacan continued to grow, reaching size 6.  In the northern reaches of the Empire, work began on a road link between Shoshone and Cheyenne in conjunction with the Mississippians.  Finally, a small fleet of Yokuts canoes paddled all the way down to Cuimbo, in Mapuche lands, bearing gifts of bear hides, beaver pelts and other goodies.

The Anasazi Nation

Motega, Chief of the Anasazi, Lord of the Chaco

Diplomacy None

        Chaco grew to a size 9 and Xinian to a size 5.  A great expedition to the Magellan Passage perished in its icy frozen seas.

The Mississippian Empire

Thayendanegea, Regent for…

Patamon II, The Great Beaver of the Snake

Diplomacy None

               The eastern postal road net from Scioto to Miami and hence to both Saginaw and Erie were upgraded to regular roads.  Cahokia grew to size 9 and Kaskaskam to size 7.

        The royal heir, Ongwaterohiathe died in late 1202, to be followed by his father, old Patamon a year later.  Since, Ongwaterohiathe had sired a son and heir the year he died, his brother, Thayendanegea, assumed the role of regent until the squalling brat comes of age.

The Natchez Confederacy

Swift Fox, Great Sun of the Natchez

Diplomacy No effect

        On the home front, the royal road between Taposa and the Yamasee lands in Muskogee was completed.  A new port, Red Fork, was built in Onate and Clifftown was expanded to a size two collection of huts.  Osage was colonized to a (2/4) region.  In Vinland, yet another Natchez delegation showed up bearing more gifts and words of contrition.  The Norse, decided it would be more fun to listening to these mewling vermin then slaughter them outright and there the situation rested for the moment.

The Yamasee People

Soaring Eagle, Chief of the Yamasee

Diplomacy None

        Eagle’s Feather passed away in 1203 at the ripe age of ninety one.  In other events, Santua was colonized to a (-/5).


The Toltec Hegemony of Chichen Itza

Moya, Grand Hegemon of the Maya

Diplomacy    None

        Built a bucket of CPW points and minded his own business.

The Arawak of the Islands

Lautaro, Lord of the Islands

Diplomacy    None

        Lautaro had big plans for continuing the war against the hated Chaibchans, sadly he failed to reckon with the ambitions of his brothers, Princes Pelantaro and Guarico, who lusted for power themselves.  Consequently, when admiral Manicato arrived in Caraca with additional reinforcements for the armies there, the traitorous brothers murdered him (as well as the leader Dataio) took control of the troops and marched east, conquering Cumangoto and Akawaio (as well as Port Caguama) in quick succession.  Leaving Guarico to watch the Sun-worshippers to the west, Pelantaro loaded up over 17,000 troops onto his new fleet and sailed to Carib, conquering the islands as well as the city of Trinidad.  Next on the target list was Ciboney, which fell at the end of 1205, but the city of Arecibo continues to hold out, saved by its walls and the end of the turn.  Nonetheless, Lautaro has a substantial problem on his hands.

Solar Empire of Chibchan

Pech Toq, King of the Chibchan

Diplomacy None

        Pech Toq ordered more troops raised and girded himself for the continuing struggle…and after sitting on react for a year or so ordered an advance into Caraca at the head of some 42,000 troops.  The region was recaptured fairly easily.  Marching into Cumangoto, the Chibchans encountered the remaining Arawak rebel army (11,400 strong) under Prince Guarico, reacting out of Akawaio.  Here the battle was truly epic, lasting four rounds before the Caribs were destroyed to a man.  Pech Toq than moved into Akawaio and conquered the place, burning Port Caguama to the ground as a stark reminder to the Arawak never to return.

South America

The Kingdom of Paraiba

Panib III, King of Paraiba

Diplomacy Arana (t)

        Acroa was put under cultivation and a new cultivation project was begun in TimbiraMacerio grew to size 7, Ibicarai to size 3 and Mixoxa to size 6.

The Mighty Incan Empire

Atahulapa, Emperor of the Incas

Diplomacy None

        Okay, you know the drill by now, follow the expanding cities:

City (Region)

New Size

Hauri (Ataura)


Pusharo (Chinu)


Paykikin (Choco)


Queros (Mashco)


Abancay (Pucara)


Tiahuanacu (Uru)


Jauja (Wairajikira)


        Huanco was reclaimed from the resurgent jungle, but Culino was reclaimed by it, destroying three levels of Huexotla in the process.  Finally, Atahualpa came of age in 1205 and assumed the throne.

The Kingdom of Karanga

Amaru III, Lord of the South

Diplomacy None

        The road between Guanacane and Quillaca was completed and Uluyi was colonized to a (-/1) region.

The Kingdom of Shokleng

Upulo, King of Shokleng

Diplomacy None

        Western colonization continued with Kayapo being sttled to a (2/5), Uruguay to a (1/10), Parana to a (2/6) and Terena to a (2/9).  Cities within the Kingdom continued to grow as well, with Curitiaba, Tupanicereta, Cangucu and Itabiana being raised to size 7 and Macae to size 3.  The expeditions to the south continued with the Bahia Blanca and the Gulf of San Matra being sounded.

The Mapuche Empire

Bakari, Emperor of the Mapuche

Diplomacy None

        Urbanization within the Empire continued apace as Quiroci grew to size 9; Santiago to size 7, Talca to size 5 and Quimbo to size 2.  Chono was colonized to a (1/2) and put under cultivation.  Finally, a port fortress was built in that place as well.