Throne Enterprises presents:
Turn #57 Industrial Stage Zero
1181-1185 Anno Domini Medieval Era
Gamemaster: Thad Plate

Turn 58 is due December 3rd 1999

Send your orders to:

Thomas Harlan (
4858 East Second Street
Tucson AZ 85711-1207



IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT:  After over 10 years of running Lords of the Earth, I have decided to quit.  THIS IS THE LAST TURN OF LORDS ELEVEN THAT I WILL RUN.  I have already passed Lords 10 to Kerry Harrison and Madhouse USA.  Lords 12 will be passed on to someone else within two weeks.

CALL FOR A NEW GM: Lords 11 needs a new Gamemaster.  If you are interested and seem credible to me, I will transfer the data and the accounts to you and/or your company.  The deadline for prospective Gamemasters for Lords 11 is Monday, November 1, 1999.  After that day, I will contact all players and Thomas Harlan to discuss whether I should liquidate Lords 11 also, refunding everyone, or pass the game to Thomas so that he can find a new GM for this game.

MY ACHIEVEMENT: Seeing how I may soon be leaving the Lords community, I will remind everyone involved what I had done for Lords of the Earth since I started.  Back in February 1989, I took over Lords 9 at turn 2.  In those days, all turns were completly processed by hand, with stat sheets done with pencil and eraser and photocopied.  All calculations were done by hand with perhaps the help of a calculator.  There were no support programs, no internet, and in some cases no computers.  At that time, newsfaxes were beginning to be processed on computer word processing programs.  Newsfaxes were often typed or even hand written.  I used MacWrite on my MacIntosh and it made my newsfax look professional.  Lords of the Earth was new to me and exciting.  Like a fanatic, I dug into the rulebooks, the maps and the turn orders and cranked out a turn in three days and set the next orders due for a two week turnaround.  Most of my turns were dropped off at a college gaming shop, the Game Depot, and a few were mailed.  WIthin a year, Lords 9 became a successful and popular game, attracting nationwide attention from old Lords gamers and conventioners alike with its quick turnaround, and entertaining and exact newsfaxes.   Turns remained at a two week turnaround until 1992 so to pick up the pace, I acquired Lords 10.  Both games were set at a three week turnaround.  To fill in the void for the missing third week, Lords 11 was restarted in March/April 1994  (the original Lords 11 was run by Richard Perlotto and David Josephs).  Lords 11's Free Start lottery has been the best ever done.  There were about 110 positions to fill.  About 90 players got countries on lottery day.  80 players survived turn 1.  I continued to run turns until this year.   In all that time, Lords enjoyed upgrades in technology, gaining computer support programs to calculate statistics and to generate stat sheets.  Internet has allowed newsfaxes to become webpages.  Turns are most often delivered by email rather than being dropped off at the game store or the post office.  And yet, the ease of running turns has been offset by increased complexity of the rules and a lack of desire to run them.  Where once, I ran turns like a madman, I avoid them like the plague.  I once held an overflowing cup of ambrosia, but in these years I have long since sipped the last drop of nector.  It is time, my friends, for me to move on.  But I won't let you forget: I've done almost 275 turns, more than any other Lords GM, retired and active.  Maybe I was unable to sustain a living off running turns, but the sheer volume of work that I've done on behalf of this game is awesome and mind staggering.   I walk away from this game not as a failure but as a champion.  I dare say, I have much to work on.  Thank you all for your support and participation and I wish you all the best.  Thank you Thomas for allowing me this opportunity to challenge all my talents and improve.  Thank you and Fare Well!  I hope we will meet again.

COLOR CODED NATION HEADERS: The Colors coded on each nation represents your technology level.  GREY is Tech 1 & 2,  BLUE is Tech 3, RED is Tech 4, GOLD is Tech 5, GREEN is Tech 6, AQUAMARINE is Tech 7, PURPLE is Tech 8, BROWN is Tech 9 and OLIVE is Tech 10.

WEB LINKS: The Lords of the Earth Website has been changed to:

Thad Plate Homepage:

Lords 11 Unit Conversion
Each point of cavalry and infantry represents 500 fighting men. A warship or transport point = 1 ships with 500 men aboard each ship. A siege point = 500 sappers or 5 ballista, catapults, siege engines, trebuchets or battle towers. A field fort point = 1 fort manned by 500 men each. A wall point = 10 feet of city wall ramparts.

Behold the last newsfax I have written,
        Thad Plate, September 3, 1999


Far East Asia

Tenno Ichijo, Emperor of Jihpen
Minomoto no Bujinteru, Shogun
    The Japanese sent their navies back into Srivijayan waters to assist in the survival of the poor, embattled Khemer.  Madoka Kanai led the great fleet, usually stationed at Okinawa, to the island of Bangka.  There, he destroyed a Malayi fleet then sacked the city of Akachati.  Prince Bujingami was active too.  He staged an attack against Timor.  The city of Kupang was sacked while the surrounding countryside was plundered.  The Srivijyan Empire could do nothing to stop these attacks.  They were occupied in the bloody Khmer War.  Both fleets returned safely to Japanese waters loaded with treasures of silver, jade and fine art.  Nobunaga's fleet continued south the coast of Sawiki (California).  They got caught in a storm in the 'Sea of Sorrows' (Santa Barbara Channel).  Half the exploratory fleet eventually made their way back to Takama, years later.  Nobunaga had died on the voyage.

Wer Jia, King of Parhae
    A mutiny by the army irregulars was crushed by the main forces.  Tsan Pomi was murdered in the confusion.  Amgu, Jilin and Tumin revolted.

Luqe, "Ra Zong", 36th Tang Ruler, Emperor of the Middle Kingdom
    The unemployement of the Tang Empire was a festering problem.  The roving bands of bandits, the rise of fighting schools, the pigs born with strait tails: These portents showed that the day of decision for the Dyansty was coming.  The Dynasty could fall in a most spectacular way -or- be reinvigorated by the new Emperor Ra Zong who began his reign on the Dragonthrone in 1183.  The Nutqak who scared even the Baling have arrived to the Pei Huang border in 1180.

Bong-Zhia, Abbot Grandmaster of the Serene Palace, Bodhisattva of Chan Mahayana
CONSECRATION: Hunan(ne), Kwangte(ab), Hagen(ab), Wuling(ab), Anhui(ab), Hupei(ca), Ordos(ab), Wuhan(ab), Wu Hai(ab), Cahuan(ab)
    The Monks spread the word of the Four Truths and Eightfold Path throughout China.  It kept everyone cool.  Joi headed north expecting to convert the Nutqak horde to Buddhism.  The wisely did not go into Baling territory with all that cash he brought.  The Nutqak made it to Langshan by the end of 1180.


Foi Shi Long, King of the South Han
    Little news of note coming from here.

    The Kambujan failure to capture Tavoy let the vultures descend from their roosts to hover around.  The Burmese army, the Srivijayan navy and the forces of Brunei moved to pick at the carcass.  The Khmer army wad paralyzed by the indecision of King Jayavarman who remained in Kwa.

    The Burmese army waited for reinforcements at Tavoy.  The Khmer forces were camped in Kwa.  The Srivijayan navy set sail from Bangka in April.  The Brunei raised a flotilla with troops aboard.  They left Sabah at the same time.  Prince Busingami's fleet made preparations to leave Irian.  The main Japanese fleet under Madoka Kanai mobilized for war.
    In August, after an abortive raid upon Kwa, the Srivijayan fleet of 25 warships and 58 light battleboats caught the Khmer navy, 10 heavy warships, 10 light warhsips and 60 regular galleys, patrolling the Penunjuk Wan.  Jabiluka, the fleet commander, attacked.  There was a second Srivijayan fleet of about 95 warships which did not participate in the battle but moved onward to the coast of Dvaravati.  The naval battle was evenly matched and neither side had an advantage.  Eventually, Jabiluka, with 51 ships fled back to Bangka.  The Khemer commander, Pallavas, withdrew his 70 ships to Lowan.
    At the same time the Burmese army: 176,000 men, mostly mounted and well equipped, crossed into Dvaravati by land.  They challenged the Khmer to stop them but the Khmer forces did not leave their camp in Kwa.  A portion of the Khmer army deserted.

    The Burmses army laid siege to the great city of Sakhon and at the same time King Suryanavarayana's navy blockaded the city port.  The siege only lasted three monsths as the city surrendered in July.  Dvaravati was pacified by the Burmses.  Meanwhile Bujingami's Japanese raiders landed on the shores of Timor and sacked Kupang (Ah as the Indonesian backed militia groups in our time and dimension sacked Dili and ransacked the pro-independence farms of East Timor).  In September, the Brunei army of about 9500 infantry landed in Cochin.  They were joined by 15,000 Khmer cavalry who deserted the Kwa encampment with promises of greater pay and glory by the Brunei Count.

    Now working jointly, the Burmese and Srivijayans laid siege on Bangkok.  After a bloody five months the city walls were destroyed.  Soon after, the Burmese pacified Siam.  The Brunei captured the city of Saigon by way of traitors within.

    The main Japanese navy, a grand armada of 100 tekkousen, 100 atakabune and 100 small galley boats spotted Jabiluka's fleet (2 heavy warships, 21 galleys and 28 light battle barges) in the harbor of Akachati.  Without a second thought, the Nipponese attacked and sunk or captured the lot of them.  Their on board trooped captured and sacked Akachati in April.  Elsewhere, the field fortifcations of Khemer were systematically destroyed by the Burnese and Srivijyan forces.

    The Japanese fleet, having done their damage, left for their Okinawa sea base.  The invasion forces surrounded Angkor.  The Burmese blocked all land approaches.  The Malayi fleet and marines guarded the sea.  The siege began in the summer and lasted only two months.  Those who defended the city surrendered, asking for mercy.  That was not to be.  The city was sacked and burned.  20,000 people were slaughtered.  Survivors fled into the surrounding jungles.  An armed band of Kali Stranglers escaped the mayhem.  It had been rumored that they had opened the gates of Angkor for the Burmese.
    At Kwa,  Jayavarman VII established Bharmali as the new Kambuja capital.

Jayavarman VII, Devaraja of Kambuja, Tenth Emperor of the Angkorean Dynasty, Avatar of Shiva
    Not once did King Jayavarman made any effort to stop the tri-national invasion.  The capitial of his royal ancestors, Angkor with its great momuments and palaces, was destroyed.  His empire was split into three.  Jaya set his new capital at Bharmali and hoped his enemies would just go home with all their illegally gained loot.  Medan, though, rebelled.  Pallavas, leader of the navy at Lowan, remained loyal.  Refugees have flowed into Lowan and Bharmali demanding protection and food.
    MAP CHANGES: Angkor has been destroyed.  Angkor Wat has also been destroyed.

Sri Sulika Sulu, King of Borneo
DIPLOMACY: Yampi(ne)
    Sulika hopped onto his boat and herded his warriors on all the other ships he had.  They would collectively join in the Tavoy War as the Sri Sulu willed.  He and his forces gained control of the Cochin with the help of some desertees of Jayavarman's army and captured the city of Saigon.  They did not wish to do much more.  Sulika and his rowdies returned back to Brunei for the time being.  The Flores allies were unable to convince Yampi to help out.  Perhaps, Yampi would not help out any ally of Malaysia.

Sri Suryanarayana IV, God-CEOof Srivijaya, Inc.
    The Srivijayan fleet co-ordinated with the Burmese to further destroy the Kambujadesa.  The first thing they did was raid Kwa where the Khmer army was.  The effort was thwarted of course and did succeed in ascertaining the indolence of that force.  After that the king assisted their Burmese allies as they attacked and besieged the cities of Sakhon, Bangkok and Angkor.  Once Angkor was destroyed, the loot was divided.  Not all went well for the Malayi, the Japanese fleets entered Indonesian waters.  One fleet sacked Kupang and the other flotilla destroyed Jabiluka's fleet and then sacked Akachati.

South Seas

Capoom, Master of the Great Dividing Range
    The Australians were into building great projects.  Capoom celebrated the ritual of the rockspirit in May, 1177.
    MAP CHANGES: The new city in Yila was dubbed Gotabo.  A royal road from Nerann (Goolbura) to Mowaljarlai (Taree) to Mootwingee (Toowomba) and then to Kerinija (Ayr) was finished.


Barttholum, King of Burma
    The Burmese King correctly perceived that the advantage he gained over his Cambodian rivals could be exploited if he and his forces could act quickly.  But reinforcements still had to be waited for.  he sent his best condor messenger to the palace and Lord Paraka.  Paraka raised the needed forces and marched to the Tavoy encampment.  Once these arrived, Bartholum handed the command plaque to Krall, his right hand.  Krall would be backed up by Migor.  With an overwhelming army, they captured Sakhon and Bangkok, destroyed Angkor and toppled the Kambujadesa.  The loot, great as it was, was divided with the Srivijayans who supported from the sea and sent in a battallion of armsmen of their own.
    Bartholum was pleased with the great victories, yet Jayavarman and his armies still elude him.

Satijayavi, Maharaja of Tanjore
    The Maharajah sent in his police forces to seal off the Kali Strangler stronghold in the hills of Sursuti.  They surrounded the place and cordoned it off.  Tanjore also played a role in the Malayi-Kambuja War.  Their navy of 60 warships, 20 dhows unleaded a force of 21,500 men which easily captured Dharmap.  They returned back to Tanjore with proof of their victory.

Kulikar Singh, Maharaja of Khalistan, Warmaster of the Khalsa
    The Empire stood in place.  A Syrian armada of 40 xebecs anchored off the Berberian port of Candala - up to no good probably.


Husani ad Dawla Sa'id (II) al Buya, Emir of Emirs, Pasha of Shiraz
    Sa'id Emir slept but his people were on the verge of rebellion.

DIPLOMACY: Obemir Peoples(ne), Dolkar Horde(ne), Qav Turks(ne0, Hazzi Folk(aw, destroyed), Si Jung nation(f), Kenan clans (a), Baling Horde (ne, *whew*)
   Riding abreast a mighty horde of 167,000 riders, the poetic Udabei headed east.  Amazingly, in the land of the Langshan, the Baling -Terror of the Gobi- left them alone.  Now the Nutqak are but miles from the northern frontier of the Tang Empire.

    110,000 horde horsemen rode straight up the Volga River to the capital city of the Cheremess, Volgard.  It was defended by Jageillo and his 6000 pikemen.  They were overwhelmed.  In an orgy of destruction, Volgard was sacked and the Tavarhod became a rich horde.


Al Mutawakkil III, Kalifat Rasul Allah, Commander of the Faithful
DIPLOMACY: Arran(ea), Azerbaijan(nt), Al Batnah(ne)
    Zahif Dib-Lifiz rebuilt Baku and established a citadel by the sea to protect the city.  The residents there were grateful by the Caliph's good will gesture.
    MAP CHANGES: Baku was restored to 1 GPv with a fortress inside.  A royal road was constructed from Baghdad via Al Mustad (Arbiliq) to Armenia's Kut as Amra.

Udi ad Din Asad, Sultan of Aleppo
DIPLOMACY: Faiyum(ne, religion), Egypt(ne, religion)
    A fleet of 40 warships went off on their own to Berbera.  Asad Sultan was exasperated when he heard they caused a diplomatic incident with Khalistan.
    MAP CHANGES: A royal road from Antioch to Damascus was built.  Beruit grew to 2 GPv.


East Africa

Simon II, Negus of Nubia
DIPLOMACY: Aksum(fa), Danakil(fa)
    Lands once part of the enemy Zaidi kingdom was diplomacizedc but negotiations weren't so easy.  The memories of ancient hatreds lingered like a dark cloud over the region.
    MAP CHANGES: Mitsiwa has now grown to 2 GPv.

Richard,  King of Gamo-Gofa, Grand Master of the Rifts
DIPLOMACY: Harar(c), Zeila(ne)
    Andrew climbed across the south face of the Ahmar Mountains trying to make friends with the savage, pagan villagers who herded cattle and sacrificed to the Bulibar Idol.  He made his way to the coastal hills of Woqooyi Gelbeed, known in those days as Zeila.  With as much charm as he could muster with some help from Jah, he convinced the Muslim ranchers not to kill him.
    In a contreversial move, Richard placed Anne his eldest daughter in government service.  Many were horrified including those aristocrats and merchant bosses who wanted to court her.
    No further word was heard from the absent Abbiye.

Pasmade II, King of the Nampul, Lord Kurase
DIPLOMACY: Serengeti(f)
    The Namp engaged in military marches and public works construction.  Gauyto was retired and given a golden sundial bracelet for his loyal service to the Kingdom.

Rilambo II, King of Zimbabwe, Arch-Healer of Zim
Dhartu, Protector the Confederation
    The Zambezi Academy of All Things Known, was really curious about Lulua and petitioned the Protector to send more government surveyors there.  After listening to five hour long droning speeches on the importance of Lulua to the physical well being of all Zambezians and its strategic importance in both resources and people, Ohartu relented, sending Vart and Kimbu out again just to get these scholastic windbags out of his beard.  Kimbu, Vart and a team of 1000 archer-geologists excavated Lulua, amusing the villagers there but making the twelve lords of Bemba anxious.  Upon the expedition's return to Zim, Kimbu and Vart were hailed as great explorers in the Hall of Debate and were awarded with the Laurel of Achievement.
    In a bitter election debate, Ojala and Vonde accused each other of capital crimes such as cow theft, corruption and murder.  Vonde won the Chieftains over with wonderous gifts of onyx and silver.  Disgusted, Ojala, retired from politics.  King Rilambo made his daughter La IX his successor.  An attempt was made to build a city in Karanga but the local authorities nixed the idea.
    MAP CHANGES: Zon grew to 5 GPv.  Chobe was colonized to (2/6).  Much work was done on the Matabele-Tswana road link.

West Africa

Ugoni, Ba King
DIPLOMACY: Etosha(t)
    Malete entrusted the command of the army to his new lieutenant Ugoni in Giri.  Ugoni's ambitions got the upper hand and swiftly did Ugoni and his supporters seized control of the Bakongo Kingdom.  Malate and his family were executed for 'crimes unspeakable against the gods'.  The Kingdom subject people took this change of masters with utter indifference.  Ugoni made his capital at Zongo.
    MAP CHANGES:   Mukenko grew to 7 GPv.  N'basadi measures at 5 GPv.

Lukenko, 16th Oba of the Ibo, Descendent of Oduduwa, Blessed of the Rainbow
    A flurry of house building heralded the reign of the new Great Oba, Lukenko.  Most cities expanded and the coastal road extended to the port of Abijan.
    MAP CHANGES: Boukombe, Djoleto, Wukari, Kwame, Kachingwe, Ndjamo and Lawino each are 6 GPv cities.  Ezi grew to 7 GPv.  Ikeja to 8 GPv.  Ijebu Ode to 9 GPv.  Nigeri became 10 GPv.  A royal road extended from Togo via Akan to Gagnoa.

    The Dia Kingdom faced a new uprising of its tribes -and- at the same time, the Taureg nomads struck again.  The home forces of 25,000 men were wiped out.  The tribalists spread the chaos to the provinces.  The Taureg themselves sacked and burned Gao, slaughtering or deporting its inhabitants.  The Dias became extinct and all its regions became independent.  Its great treasure lost forever.
    MAP CHANGES: Nugu, Zinder and Gao have been destroyed.  Songhai became a steppe.  The free cities of Bankilare, Tumtuga, Timbuktu, Daura and Lekka were all reduced to 3 GPv.  Karimama and Unmatta each are now 2 GPv cities.

The Ghana, Fali, King of Bure, Master of the Gold
    In 1181, Fali, Musa's best general, overthrew Musa and became Ghana of Ouagadou himself.
    MAP CHANGES: A royal road was built between Tichit (Takrur) and Dakar.  Dakar grew to 5 GPv.

North Africa

Ala' ad-Din Rex, Wizare al Id, Regent for the Emirat of Almaghreb and Alandalus
    The Wizare considered the Christians to be another potential threat to the rich lands of Andalusia.

Jamal, Amir al Balerum
DIPLOMACY: Ghebal Gharib(ea)
    Hishram took time to explore the open Atlantic Ocean to confirm the route to Madiera.  He was blown off his charted path by a winter gale and ended up after some months at the Canaries.  Two of his twelve ships were lost.  In 1185, The Hungarian navy which had been active in the Mediterranean took port at Syracuse.


Oriental Europe

Justinian, Exarch of Crete, Basileus of the Greeks
DIPLOMACY: Phrygia(f), Paphlagonia(fa)
    In 1183, Zeno IV died.  His young son, Justinian, became the new Basileus.
    MAP CHANGES: City growth, Naxos(9 GPv), Ephesus (5), Corinth (5) and Rhodonis (7) each grew.

Baran, Khagan of Levedia
    All the garrisons were centralized just in case the Tavarhod would attack.  It was a good precaution.
    MAP CHANGES: A royal road was built between Volgagrad of Don to Taganrov.  Taganrov grew to 6 GPv.

    An attack by the Tavarhod put an end to the Volgard Kingdom.  All regions became independent.
    MAP CHANGES: Volgard has been destroyed.

Phase I, Attacks against Aix and Cianodh (1148-1155)
Phase II, Burgundian Civil War (1156-1160)
Phase III, Romans invade Lorraine (1161-1165)
Phase IV, Teutonic Crusade (1166-1170)
Phase V, Hungaro-Roman War (1171-? )
    The Romans and the Hungarians intensified their hostility.  Both chose plundering adventures rather than outright conquest which only deepened the hostility.

     March- The Romans hired much of the privately owned ships and converted them into a great armada of light transports.  the task force was led by the new consul Gaius Marcus Antonius Opellius Snecto.  At that time, Magyar Prince Gilbert disembarked from the port of Rijeka with a great fleet and some mounted marines and mercenaries.
    April-  Gilbert with his 90 grosswehrshiffen, 2 sudboote, 15 enggallerie, 46 heavy cogs, caught almost a league from the other breakwaters of Aquileia's harbor Marcus Antonius, 100 carabusa lanteens and 30 light galleys.  Gilbert had the green light to attack any Roman ships he saw, and he saw plenty.  The resulting naval battle was bloody and one-sided.  The Hungarian grappled many of the lanteens and on board rushed their 27,500 men.  The Romans had 25,000 mixed infantry and 25,000 engineeers and fought fiercely in the face of attacks on all sides.  In the end, Marcus had to get his navy out.  He managed to bring back 50 ships and 17,500 men to Aquileia.  Gilbert lost 5500 men and 9 warships but captured 30 lanteens.  Whatever trip the Romans had planned was cancelled.
    King Stephen made his way from Prague with the main force.  He headed south toward the Carinthian Alps.  Graf Brunn von Morav at the head of over 35,000 knights also went south riding towards the Tyrolian Alps.
    May- While Gilbert's fleet was aboard in the Adriatic, shooting arrows at gulls, Marcius Diatonius with his 21 juggernauts blockaded Rijeka.
    June-August- Gilbert attempted to raid the Italian coast of Spoleto.  Caesar Vergil put the kabosh on that preventing the landing parties from going inland from the beaches.

     April-  King Stephen's force of 30,000 knights, 62,500 horsemen approched the Friulian border between Slovenia and Verona.  Caesar Vergil, hearing reports of a raid, rushed back to the border to keep them out.  Stephen actually never did invade Verona.  For the next few years, he kept the Roman home army distracted giving Gilbert a free on the southern prefectures.
    June- Brunn von Morav arrived in Tyrol with 32,500 cavalry and 5000 mercs attempted to steal serfs from the farms.  It was fortunate that the Romans had on hand a force of 12.500 which protected the poor wights.
    September- After a voyage around the heel of Italy, Gilbert's navy conducted a raid to the olive groves of Tuscany.  Roman forces tied up at the Fruili frontier did not respond to this incursion.

    March- Baron Bob with 17 ships and 9000 men began raiding the English coastline targeting Celtic Churches.  In the course of the year, they destroyed abbeys in Northumbria, Anglia and Wessex.  The English protected the Sussex monastery.
    July- Helmuth Hanco, convoying ships throughh the Baltic Sea,. was seriously injured by a stowaway.  He had to dock at Schleswig to recuperate.
    Auguest- At the port of Nice, Gilbert hired the elite Landsknechts, a wildly garbed bunch of great swordsmen and pikes.

    July- Baron Bob concluded his raids and headed for a safe port.  The Moravians succeeded in raiding Tyrol.  Its defenders had left.  Gilbert forces raided Campania from sea.  The mercenary company of Letts unloaded and began their ravaging of the Italian countryside.  Stabiae was sacked.
    August- Titus Pompey and his band of 12,500 light cavalry having left Tyrol attempted a raid into Swabia.  He was countered by the feudals from Miessen.

    May- Gilbert raided Calabria and sacked Veivarium.  The Letts loaded on the waiting ships of Gilbert's navy.
    June- The Moravians fail to raid Switzerland.  They then go home for the nature of their alliance with the Magyars changed.
    October- Titus Pompey returned to Tyrol with empty bags.  Tyrol refused him free passage.  Gilbert's navy rerturned to Rijeka.  Only a day before, Marcius Diatonius' blockading fleet evacuated the port and headed back to Aquileia.

Nordic Europe

Wotan, Fire in the North, King of Sweden
DIPLOMACY: Orkney(t), Hordaland(ne), Trondheim(ne)
    The Swedes kept themselves aloof of the war, protecting their coastal water and their peninsula.
    MAP CHANGES: Halmstad is a 3 GPv city.

Gorden, King of Hungary and Germany
DIPLOMACY: Westphalia(t), Moravia(ea)
    King Stephen II died at Slovenia in 1182.  His son Gorden succeeded him and brought the troops home in 1185.  The Italian blockade of Rijeka again cut off trade with the Arabs.
    MAP CHANGES: Rijeka grew to 2 GPv.  A port fortress was built along Slovenia's coast keeping a trade route open to Morocco.

Tadeusz, Duke of Poland
DIPLOMACY: Pomerania(t), Lithuania(nt), Masuria(t)
    Duke Fyodor died in 1183.  The Poles worked on the old Gardarik lands of the east.  Trade opened with Sweden.

Magna Mater Agravaine Rapturous, Sister of Mary, Protector of the Innocent, Blessed of the Divine Light of Christ, Beloved of God in All His Glory
CONSECRATION: Cornwall(ab), Penzance(ab), Brittany(ab), Gascony(ab)
    The long efforts of Eleanor (who died in 1182 at her mission in the city of Prague) helped to bring toleration of the Magyars to the Celtic faith.  The only hostile Teutons are pockets in Lorraine and Gaul.  An olive branch was offered to the new Magyar King to end the war and embrace the true Christian faith.

    An uprising of the forest tribes put an end of the kingdom.  They razed much of Galway before their dispersal.  All regions in Ireland are now neutral.
    MAP CHANGES: Galway is now 1 GPv.

Arnold, King of England
    The king tried to defend his kingdom from the Hungarian raiders but was often sick.  He was only able to protect the monastery in Sussex.
    MAP CHANGES: Bedford (2 GPv), London (4 GPv) grew.

Occidental Europe

Stanley I, Bishop of Aix-La-Chapelle, Pope of the Catholic Church
DIPLOMACY: Brabant(ne)- CONSECRATION:  Bavaria(ab)
    Aix-la-Chapelle was inactive due to the death of Benjamin II.

Caesar Vergil III, Rex Latinorum, Dominum Lagobardium, Imperator Romanorum Occidentalis
    The Romans suffered more from the war.  Farms were devastated in Calabria, Campania and Tuscany.  Vivarium and Stabiae were gutted. Tyrol and Campania revolted.
    MAP CHANGES: Stabiae and Vivarium are now 0 GPv sacked cities.

Korjulian, Rex Burgundus
    Remained the basket case of Europe.

Juan III, King of the Western Goths, Sovreign of Espaņol
    The Poitou accepted Castillian rule.



Geran Steel, Jarl -Sachem of the Efulandish
DIPLOMACY: Eastern Cree(ne)
    There were some conversion activity in Sesquehanna and Eastern Cree.  The Efu armies watched the borders in case the Treemoss War spilled over into their land.

The Treemoss War
Creek, Illini vs. Maya, Ciboney, Natchez, Mogollon
    The attackers intensified their assault against the Etowah successor.  A new hope for the Creek appeared in the form of the Illini forces.

    Much troop and naval movement happened this year, positioning for the next round of the war.  The Creek fortified Savanah and expanded their forces.  A treaty with Illin was confirmed.  From Willow Grove, a Mogollon splintmail army began a march across the Pecos plains.  A fresh Maya force was loaded by new General Chi Wa Ka for the new attack.  The Ciboney navy was recalled to Constant.  The Emerald Mound army opted to defend their lands for the time being.

    May-  Yappuchiuk and Red Horshoby, Ciboney sea-chiefs began a voyage from Constant to assist the Mayans in their proposed campaign against Creek.  At that time, Maya general Chi Wa Ka arrived at the port of Palm.  He waited for Yappuchiuk to arrive.
    July-  With reinforcements brought in,  By Emperor Rough Bluff, Eagle Soars High advanced from Texas to Choctaw to help the Emerald Mound forces to defend the Natchez homeland.

    March- Yappuchiuk arrrived at Palm aboard Red Horshoby's navy.  He and the Maya army of Chi Ka Wa begin their march eastward.
    May- The Ciboney and Maya forces enter Creek territory.
    July- News of the sea-southerners invasion of Creek's homeland, spur the Illini into action.  King Shoma and virtually the entire army of the northern confederation resolve to assist their allies and race towards the scene.
    September- The Maya-Ciboney forces found the Creek army had withdrawn within the 40 foot wooden barricades of Savanah.  With  the lack of naval support (Red Horshoby had to move his fleet around Florida to support the armies), Yappuchiuk and Chi Wa Ka chose to commit their mostly cavalry forces to assault.  The forces the invaders used were: 10,000 mixed Caribbean cavalry, 10,000 Arawakian sappers, 10,000 Ciboney regulars, 72,500 mounted Maya warriors, 20,000 Tikali stone armored Obsidian swordsmen, 15,000 Quetzal machete clansmen.   Sly Fox and his lieutanant White Eagle held up in Savanah with a mostly infantry force: 49,000 mixed infantry and 20,000 mixed cavalry.  The Maya-Ciboney underestiminated Creek's resolve to resist and lost much in the attempt to overwhelm the walls and portals by a mass push.  Although the Chi Wa Ka's mounted force was intact, the invaders lost 37,000 and much of the ability to confront a fortified position.  The defenders only lost 5000.  The Ciboney knights retreated to the safety of Red Horshoby's navy who arrived at Creek's warm Atlantic shore much too late.  Chi Wa Ka's Maya host withdrew to Chatot.  The lead general Yappuchiuk died in the botched assault.
    November- The Illini reaction army winter in caves and overhangs at the Great Smoky Mountains.

    April- After waiting three years, the forces of Emerald Mound, bolstered by an expeditionary force from distant Mogollon began their campaign against the Creek nation.
    May- Battle of Keowee
        The Illini race to redeem the Creek ran afoul the Emerald Mound attack of Cheraw along the banks of the Keowee River.  Grand Chief Showa, sub chiefs Kima and Mokum at the head of 6000 horse lancers, 9000 horse clubmen and 4000 mounted bowmen, 15,500 splint mail axemen, 22,000 stone club braves and 29,500 black painted archers.  There were also 10,500 pioneers that were held in reserve - they served no part in the battle.  The Natchez-Mimbres expeditionary force invasionary army were Captain Chief Fishhawk, Prince Luis with 7500 Mississin knights, 12,000 mounted solar warriors, 15,000 leather helmed war axemen, 15,000 deerhorn tomahawkmen, 20,000 sharpeyed bowmen and Mogllon Lord Eagle Soars High leading 10,000 mixed Zuni mounties,  35,000 Jova war fighters, 10,000 Papago javelin throwers.  The Illin were outnumbered but had the support of the local villages and were superbly led, and through sheer determination achieved a stalemate for their Creek allies.  Both camps withdrew to secure positions vowing a rematch.  The Illini lost 48,000 Mogollons sacrificed 28,500 and the Emerald Mound were down 4000.
    June- Bentmound
        The Creek army victorious against the Mayans at Savanah, remained held up in case of another attack.  They heard of the battle at Keowee and lunged into action.  Within a week, they rendevzous with the Illini at Skunk Creek and rushed against the Natchez-Mimbres battallion who were encamped in the highlands of Bentmound.  Now it was the invaders who were on the defense.  They took even greater causalties than before but put a good account of themselves before withdrawing westward.  Another 21,500 Mogollons perished, 33,000 Natchez men were lost.  10,000 Mogollon cavalry and 32,500 Emerald troops scrambled out of Bentmound in good order to regroup in Yamasee.  Creek forces lost 23,000 warriors and captured the field, saving Cheraw.  Grand Chief Showa lost only 4000 this time and in the midst of the combat had second thoughts and moved his fighters out before the battle's conclusion.  They made their way to eventually camp at Shawnee.

    May- Despite the loss of Illini support, Creekmaster Sly Fox attempted a foray into Chatot.  This proved to be a bust for the Maya still had 90,000 hosters and the Creek had but 41,000.  Sly Fox withdrew back to Creek and held within Savanah.

Shoma, Chief of Illinois
    The Illini came through for their Creek Eto allies, saving their mountains from the attack of the Emerald Mound Cult and their alien allies.  Shoma's return to Shawnee was fortuitious for it allowed him to keep in touch of the affairs of his own kingdom.

Slyfox, Sachem of the Creek
    The Creek confounded the assault of four national armies and held everything they had and event sent a few bucks to Illini for their troubles.

Genkadi, Son of the Sun
DIPLOMACY: Quapaw(ne), Osage(nt), Kansa(c)
    Fishhawk and Luis were repulsed at Bentmound, surprised by the intervention of the Illini and the survival of Creek forces after being attacked by the Mayans.  Duke Bo Hai (Not to be confused with that sea zone next to Korea) made overtures to the Arkansa mountain tribes.  He was a total boob when it came to diplomacy and was lucky not to have his back stabbed.
    MAP CHANGES: A postal road was constructed between Emerald and Okatoma.

Sikolla V, Heir to the Kingdom of Atlantis
    Caribbean armies assisted the Maya in the siege of Savanah.  When it became apparant that Savanah would not fall to assault, the 10,000 cavalry forces and Red Horshoby's navy returned to Chatot.  Castellan Ekul tried to find a sea passage from the Surinam Sea.  The wind and currents kept pushing his ships back to the coast.  There would be no passage here.  Prince Lebanmala was lost in the Bermuda Triangle.

The Rocky Mountains

Ulsix, Grand Chieftain of Coos Bay
DIPLOMACY: Chehalis(t)
    The land of Chehalis became tribute paying when its leader died.

    More troops were sent across the plain to die in the swamps of Etowah.  But the great majority of the Mimbre armies stay in the home mountains of Chihuahua.
    MAP CHANGES: Some cities grew - Rilto (6 GPv) and West Pass (7).

Sierra Madre

Pan Lisom
    The assault against Savanah was tactically a disaster but strategically irrelavent.  The great mass of Maya's cavalry force and Chi Ka Wa remained intact at Chatot.

Cord de Los Andes

Emperor-in-Jade, Juichen VII, Hawk King of Chanchan, Warlord of Moche
    Ari's tenure as Warlord ended in 1183.  At that point many fanatics, mostly ex-slaves, pushed for a Restoration partly because Ari left no children and Angcur's other boys were 'dumb'.  The Juichens had long been well-loved and the three generals, Cario, Ontap and Toquen, supported (or at least did not oppose) the Restoration and so Juichen VII became Warlord and Emperor.  The capital was moved to the holy city of Elohim.
    MAP: A great sea well was built in Cuna bordering the Gulf of Venezuela.  Tumaco grew to 9 GPv.

Lords of the Earth Š1999 Throne Enterprises